This collection includes an overview of World War I materials from the collections of the State Library and State Archives of North Carolina. The materials from the State Library include regimental histories and published narratives. The materials from the State Archives include:

  • World War I posters
  • A selection of letters from the World War I Papers, part of the Military Collection
  • Official Army Signal Corps Photographs, 1918-1919
  • Photographs from the Warren C. McNeill Papers
  • The World War I Maps collection described below

Finding aids for these materials are available on the State Archives website and online catalog.

When World War I broke out in Europe in 1914 North Carolinians shared the same feelings of regret and fear as other Americans. Tar Heels, like many others, saw the horror of the war that in 1916 alone cost the European armies 2.5 million casualties, equal to the entire population of North Carolina at the time. But once the United States declared war against Germany in April 1917, most North Carolinians supported the war effort which President Woodrow Wilson said was a fight for democracy in “a war to end all wars.” North Carolinians purchased Liberty Loans and War Savings Stamps to raise money for the war. Women joined the American Red Cross, the YWCA, the Salvation Army, and served as nurses in military hospitals at home and in France. Farmers grew victory acres and children grew thrift gardens to earn money to buy war bonds. Citizens raised and canned their own food and went without meat to conserve food supplies for the army. North Carolina industry also geared up to support the war. Ships were built in Wilmington, airplane propellers were made in High Point, wagon wheels were made in Hickory, and in Raleigh artillery shells were made for the army and navy. North Carolina’s tobacco factories produced cigarettes while its textile mills made blankets, socks, and tents for the army. Training camps for new soldiers were set up throughout the country, including three in North Carolina: Camp Greene near Charlotte, Camp Bragg near Fayetteville, and Camp Polk near Raleigh.

For more information on North Carolina's involvement in World War I, visit NCPedia.