University of NortK Carolina
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REPORT OF THE
CHIEF EiGlNEER AMD GENERAL SUPERINTENOENT.
REPORT OF THE
CHIEF ENGINEER & GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT.
Wilmington and Weldon Rail Eoad Company,
Office of Chief Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent V
WlLMINGTON, N. C, Oct. 14th, 1869.
Hon. R. E. Bridgers, President :
Sir :—lu compKance with the general regulations, I sub-mit
my fifteenth Annual Report of the operations of this Com-pany
for the fiscal year ending September 30th, 1869.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
From Through Travel, $112,023 54
" Way " 108,263 20
" Freight, 295,763 09
" Mails, 24,969 68
" Miscellaneous sources, 77,637 25
Total Earnings and Receipts, $618,656 71
'' " for 1868 596,169 61
Increase this year, $22,487 10
Maintenance of Permanent Way.
Cost of Bridge Timber, $ 1,995 64
« " Cross Ties, 22,118 72
" " New Iron Chairs, and
Spikes, 63,678 32
" " Tools and Hand Cars.... 686 26
Pay of Road and Section Masters
and Hands, 28,404 36
Pay of Bridge Master, Carpenters
and Hands, .... 2,765 16
Total Cost of Permanent Way, $119,648 46
Carried forward, $11<9,648 46
Bronglit forward, . . $119,648 i^
MAINTENANCE OF ROLLING STOCK.
Cost of Materials for Repairs,
Iron, Steel and Coal, $6,278 11
Liftnber for Engines and Cars, 3,150 85
Hardware, Trimmings, Nails, <fec., for
Cars, 3,205 13
Glass, Paints, Finishings, &c., . . 1,884 43
Engine and Car Wheels and Tyres, . 8,195 94
Cost of Services in Making Repairs.
Pay of Master of Machinery, Mechan-ics
and Laborers, 50,558 83
Oil, Tallow and Waste 1,553 20
Total Cost of Repairs of Machinery .
Cost of Conducting Transportation.
Pay of Master of Transportation,
Agents, Conductors, Train kands.
Firemen, Watchmen, Warehouse
hands, &c., ' $61,4:05 59
Cost of Fuel for Engines and Sta-tions,
Cost of Oil, Tallow and Waste, .... 7,802 82
Cost of repairs of station build-ings,
Station expenses and Incidentals, . . 14,032 98
Total cost of Transportation De-partment,
Subsistence, $10,797 02
Loss and damage (Freight,) 4,631 71
Stationery and Printing 3,783 70
Incidental Expenses, 11,787 07
Salaries 16,693 45— 47,692 95
Totat cost of operating this year, $346,570 55
Total earnings and receipiSj (bro't forward,).. 1618,656 71
Operating expenses, ,..,.. 346,570 55
Total net receipts, , $272,086 16
CONSTRUCTION AND RECONSTRUCTION.
New Bridges over North East,
Neuse, Quanky Creek aud Bear
Culverts, $28,500 00
Cost of connecting tracks with
Railway Bridge Company, 1|
miles complete, 14,241 08
Cost of Ditching and ballasting, in-cluding
expenses of two Gravel
Ti-ains 6,500 00
New Ii"on and Spikes to replace
extra damages of the War, 10,200 00
New Warehouses at Castle Hayne
and Duplin Road ; Section Mas-ters'
Houses and quarters for
Section hands, W^ood and Water
Stations at Dudley, Goldsboro',
Joyner's, Rocky Mount, Battle-boro',
Enfield, Hahfax, Weldon,
Whitaker's and South Washing-ton,
10,109 31— $69,550 39
Rebuilding the "Goldsboro'," .... $ 3,191 04
" "Tarboro," 3,444 76
New Tools (increase) for Shops, .
Thirty-seven new Freight Cars
(in part,) 16,464 20— 25,0u7 00
Old Accounts and Accounts for Special Services not hehnqin^ to
tlie OperoMng Expenses of the Fiscal Year,
IN TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT.
Cost of Fuel purchased and consumed previous to
this year, but paid for now, $4,131 94
Cost in part of Wood and Water Stations of former
years now paid, , . .3,910 63
IN ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Cost of Cross-ties for former years now paid, a
larger supply being on *hand now than last year, 4,413 39
Incidental expenses of other years, 7,153 23
Loss and Damage of last year now paid, 1,073 99
Old Confederate Accounts now paid, 1,968 38
EXPLANATION OF ACCOUNTS,
By referring to the foregoing statement you will see there
has been paid this year more than one hundred thousand
dollars on accounts that do not pertain to the cost of opera-ting
for the year just closed. There are still other charges
in the operating accounts for the year that do not prop-erly
belong there, but I have found it difficult to make a
fairer division, without possibly including some items in tlie
reconstruction accounts that might be considered improperly
charged to that account ; hence I have preferred to leave
them as the Treasurer has them in the Annual Operating ex-penses.
I have often said this Koad, when once comjDleted with
masonry, culverts and bridges, and completely ditched and
ballasted, could be operated for less than fifty per cent, of its
gross receipts when these receipts reach six hundred thous-and
The proportion would be less as the gross receipts exceed
I should add that these estimates were based upon a state
of things that existed previous to 1862, when the relative
cost of operating and the rates for transportation were more
favorable to Railways than they are at this time.
ROADWAY AND WAREHOUSES.
The Road bed has been as much improved this year as it
was last, by the new system of ditching and ballasting authori-zed
We have put in 1,100 tons of new, or re-rolled rails, and cut
off or welded up the ends of 1,000 tons of old rails and re-paired
the track until it is at this time as good as it has been
at any time in the last ten years.
With the addition of five (500) hundred tons of new rail
this fall, and fifteen (1,500) hundred tons during the nest sum-mer,
we may expect a very good and safe track for the year.
Cross-ties are now supplied in sufficient quantities at thirty
(30) cents each.
My estimates for new rails will not be considered large by
Rail Eoad managers, when I say that the old rails now in the
track have been there since 1850, and have borne the heavy
transportation of a four years' war in addition to its regular
business before and since that time.
I consider one thousand tons of new rails (for the main
stem) annually, to be a fair estimate of the quantity required
to supply the regular depreciation and maintain a good track,
and they must be of the best quality.
I will here remark that the rails we have received from the
Abbott Rolling Mills at Baltimore seem to be of a very good
quality, better than any we have had since the war, and
equal to the best I have seen on this Road.
New Warehouses have been constructed at " North East "
and " Duplm Road " this year, and thorough repairs made at
all other stations—especially at Faison's, Wilson and Joy-ner's—
all except two have been repainted and white washed
the remaining ones wiU soon be completed.
Very little outlay next year will be required for buildings
of any kind on the line of the Road, and I am pleased to
inform you as I now do, that I think our extraordinary
expenses can and should now cease.
The Company's business is now better accommodated with
warehouses, station houses, and freight cars, than it has ever
been since 1 have had the honor to serve it—say within flf-tefH
With due economy and a fair business 3'ear, we can cer-tainly
be ready to begin to make dividends (after its close)
to the Stockholders, who have waited long and patiently for
The new bridges commenced last year over the Nortli East
and Neuse Rivers, have been completed and paid for this
"The bridge at " Quanky *' Creek, at Halifax, has been com-pletely
rebuilt—new arches put in and made permanently
Timber has been sawed and masonry commenced for a new
bridge over " Tar River," near Rocky Mount.
I do not propose to do more next year to the remaining
bridges than to complette the Tar River bridge ; only two
more small ones remain to be rebuilt to complete the repair
of damages caused by the war.
Our trestles are all in excellent order.
The machinery has been kept in good order and is in good
condition for the winter's work.
We have purchased no new engines this year, and I do not
think it will be necessary to do so for the next year.
We have rebuilt two of our old engines, the " Goldsboro'
and " Tarboro', " and are now engaged on two others,
" Industry " and " Job Terry," the latter to be made a first-class
freight engine, and the former will be used for a mate-rial
train, which will give one more engine to the passenger
service by relieving the Orange from material train duty.
We have recovered the lasteiigine from the Roanoke river,
the '^' Guilford," and it may be repaired for a second-class
We have one hundred and eighty six (186) box cars and
seventy four (74) flat cars, with thirty new ones to be comple-ted
in one month, and twenty gravel cars.
The culture of grapes and fruit generally will require some
specially constructed cars, or cars with softer springs and
greater ventilation for their transportation than our ordina=
ry jEreight cars.
I have a plan for arranging our present cars for this pui'-
pose, in order to save the cost of new ones, for the season
these articles are ready for market our other tonnage is usu-ally
Our passenger equipment needs some addition—four new
coaches are in course of construction for this purpose, and
with a few baggage and mail ears will make our equipment
for passengers ample. We have nine first class, seven se-cond
class, six third class cars, and six mail and baggage cars.
We have fifteen first class engines and five more second atid
third class in good order.
There has been a small decrease in the amount
received from w^ay or local travel, while the number of
persons carried has increased as compared with the preceding
year—due to a reduction in fares by the sale of " return
tickets, inducing more travel, but it has not yet produced an
increase of receipts, as it will undoubtedly do as soon as the
people along the line become accustomed to the fact that they
can go to theii- market town and return for one fare instead
of two. Eight thousand more persons have traveled short
distances, or have been on the trains, with a diminution of
less than $2,000 in receipts.
The through travel has increased three or four thousand
dollars, with a corresponding increase in the number of pas-sengers
The freight account shows a small decrease due to the loss
of business that we formerly had with the North Carolina
Eail Road Company, which, in consequence of a combination
against this line, has entirely ceased.
Our through transportation business to this city and places
beyond has materially increased.
Our local freights have also increased very handsomely and
but for the loss of the North Carolina freightj our receipts
this year would have been $75,000 more than they are uow/
NEW TRAFFIC—FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.
In consequence of an unfavorable season, our vegetable
and fruit transportation business has been very light. "We
had reason last year to hope for a large increase in this
branch of our business during this year, as stated in my re-port,
but with late frosts and an unusually dry season the es-timates
embraced in that report could not be realized.
All I desire to say here is that this Road is located in a
section of the South especially adapted to the growth of early
vegetables, and early and rare fruits, which enables the far-mer
and horticulturist to send their products so rapidly and
cheaply to market that the value of the lands and the conse-quent
prosperity of the Eoad is greatly enhanced, and if in a
few years the business of transporting these products to the
Northern markets does not become a very large and valuable
one, our people, who are becoming aroused to the importance
of this culture, will be greatly disappointed.
I have labored early and late in trying to encourage this
new business for the mutual benefit of our people and Rail
Roads, and I am sure with some success already, and with
good prospects of largelyincreased prosperity from this source
in the not distant Future.
LOCAL AND THROUGH FREIGHTS,
There seems to be a great deal of misunderstanding about
the principle that governs in fixing the local and through
In my annual report for 1866, 1 explained the principle that
governed in making charges for long and short distances on
the same road, and in my annual report for 1867 I more ful-ly
discussed and explained the whole subject, and the reasons
that governed in making freight tarriflfs.
I respectfully refer you to those reports and the report of
the Committee to whom they were referred in 1867, sustaining
my views on the subject.
The whole principle may be stated in a few words. Local
freight and passenger rates are made just high enough to
pay the cost of operating, and a reasonable dividend to the
stockholders. If it were not so the Road could not be oper-ated
for any great length of time.
Suppose there are persons living at a distance that desire
to send their freight or to travel over your Eoad, if^they can
do it as cheaply as they can by some other competing line,
there being two or more lines competing for this business.
If we say we can only carry them or their goods at local
rates, we will fail to take any portion of them, and our Road
will continue to run empty, or partially empty cars.
If, on the contrary, we will carry them as low or lower than
any other line, we will get some additional business at a rate
that will pay a profit, large or small, according to the rates
we are able to obtain.
We will thus be enabled to build up a through business
that will yield a profit, which amount can be subtracted from
the amount we have been realizing from our local business ,
and thus be enabled to reduce the local rates.
On the other hand, if we insist upon a certain high rate for
the business, which must be competed for, we may lose it
altogether, and the local freighters must continue to maintain
their lines of Railway themselves, unaided.
In my last annual report, I called attention to this subject,
and I desire to recur to it here.
I think one of the surest means of increasing the receipts
of this Company is by a construction of latteral branches to
points that will be certain to be remunerative. Such aa a
branch to Jacksonville, Onslow County ; another to Greenville
aud Snow Hill, in Pitt and Greene Counties ; another from
Warsaw to Clinton and Fayetteville ; and another to Kenans-ville,
to connect at the best points on the main Road, which
can only be determined by surveys.
These branches may be constructed cheaply, using light
rails ; and the grading may be very light, almost passing over
the natural surface of the country.
The people who are tilling the soil should take this matter
in hand, and by supplying cross ties, and by grading and sub-
sariptions of alternate sections or tracts of land, money m&j
be secured for the purchase of the iron rails, &c.
I estimate the average costs of such roads to be not greater
than $7,000 per mile.
This Rail Road should supply the necessary equipment
in connection with the main stem.
The branches can be constructed by separate Companies^
under the charter which gives authority to build branches.
It is our duty and should be our purpose in every proper
way, to encourage the increased productions of the soil along
our line, in order to multiply the receipts of the Company
from that source, and to make the country prosperous and
thrifty, and all additions to the wealth of a country adds to the
business of its Railways. I know of no way that will .be
more likely to make our country prosperous and the busi-ness
of the Road large, than by a system of judiciously
located surface branches as feeders of the main line.
• The Railway Bridge Company has completed its work, and
as soon as the Wilmington and Manchester Railway has laid
its track to Meares' Bluff the connection will be complete
with tlie three Companies forming the Bridge Company,
This will no doubt be done before the 1st of November, and soon
thereafter our freight and passengers can be passed that way.
Our relations with the connecting Rail Roads are harmoni-ous
and profitable in the exchange of cars and transporta-tion
of freight without breaking bulk.
The trains have during the past year run with the greatest
regularity, and considering the speed that they make, with
great economy. Very few failures to make the terminal con-nections
in schedule time have occurred.
No accident to any train has occurred involving the loss of
life or limb.
No train was thrown from the track during the year.
Tlie several reports from the Master of Transportations,
Machinery and Road will be submitted with this roporl.
Our mileage this year has been 365,354 miles ; we
have transported 87,679 passengers, and 42,876 tons of
The Officers and Agents generally under my direction
have been diligent and faithful in the discharge of their sev~
S. L. FREMONT,
Chief Engineer and General Superintendent,
ROAD BEPARTMENT—MAINTENANCE OF PERMANENT WAY.
Cost of Bridge Timber 1^1,995 64
Cost of Cross Ties 22 118 72
Cost of New Iron, Chairs and Spikes 63,678 32
Cost of Tools and Hand Cars '686 26
Pay of Road, Section Masters and Hands 28,404 36
Pay of Bridge Master, Carpenters and Hands 2,765 16
Proportion of General Expenses chargeable to this account :
Subsistenco .f8,997 52
Stationery and Printing 945 92
'•Salaries 5,000 GO—$14,943 44
MACHINERY DEPARTMENT—COST OF MATERIALS FOR
Iron, Steel and Coal $6,278 11
Lumber for Engines and Cars 3,150 85
Hardware, Trimmings, Nails, Szc, for Cars 3,205 13
Glass, Paints, Finishing, &c 1,884 43
Engine and Car Wheels and Tytea 8,195 94
Cost of Services in making Repairs :
Pay of Master of Machinery, Mechanics and Laborers 50,558 83
Oil, Tallow and Waste 1,553 20
Proportio7i of General Expenses chargeable to this account :
Stationery and Printing $945 92
Incidental and Traveling Expenses 3,929 02
Salaries 5,000 00 $9,874 94
Pay of Master of Transportation, Agents, Conductors, Train
Hands, Firemen, Watchmen, Warehouse Hands, &g $61,405 59
Cost of Fuel for Edgiues and Stations 18,986 78
Cost of OU, Tallow and Waste 7,802 82
Cost of Repairs of Station Buildings 2, 174 48
Station Expenses and Incidentals 14,032 98
Proportion of General Exmnses chargeable to this account :
Subsistence $1,799 50
Loss and Damage (Freight) 4,631 71
Stationery and Printing 1,891 86
Encideutal and Traveling Expenses 7,858 05
Salaries 6,693 45—$22,874 57
COST OF CONSTRUCTION AND EECOVSTRUCTION AND OLI>
New Bridges over No: th East, Neuse, Quanky
Creek aud Rear Swamp Culverts $28,500 00
Cost of connecting tracks with Railway Bridge
Company, complete 14,241 08
Cost of ditching aud ballasting, including ex-penses
of two Gravel Trains 6,500 00
New Iron and Spikes to replace extra damages
of the war 10,200 00
New Warehouses, Section Masters' houses and
quarters for Section hands and wood and
water Stations 10,109 31—$69,550 39
Rebuilding the "Goldsboro'. " S3, 191 04
Eebnilding the "Tarboro'." 3,444 76
New Tools (increase) for Shops 1,957 00
Thirty-seven new Freight Cars 16,464 20—$25,057 00
ACCOUNTS OF PREVIOUS YEARS CBL^RGED IN ACCOUNTS
OF THIS YEAR-TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT.
Cost of Fuel $4,131 94
Cost in part of wood and water Stations of former
years now paid 3,910 63 $8,042 57
Cross Ties $4,413 39
Incidental expenses of other years $7,153 23
Loss and damage of last year now paid 1,073 99
Old Confederate accounts now paid 1,968 38—$10,195 60'
e $463,829 50
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Showing the number and hind of Cars oioned hy the Wilmington
and Weldon Railroad Company, and the number built, re-built
and repaired during the fiscal year ending on the ^Oth
day of September, 1869.
Number and Desckiption of Cabs.
9 First Class
7 Becond Class
6 Third Class and Baggage.
2 Mail and Express
31 Total Passenger Oars for service
ixoTE—Restaurant car converted into alst
class car, fiud ono 1st class car into a 2d clasf
'282 "o>al Freight Cars for service..
. VI .ne'v rp'iortfd a- P'a'rf'.'rra.
16 28 115 124
50 098 00
I certify that the above statement is correct.
JOHN F. DIVINE,
Master of Macliinery.
• ii CO <jj
- i: «
ACCOUNT OF TONNAGE,
Transported over the Wilmington and Weldon Bail n
during the fiscal year, ending September dOth, 1S69.
# -v £ • .«
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