Fourth biennial report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb
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DUPLICATE GOV. 0^^ d' 2. Morth Carolina State Ubrary t\i^ Raleigh T ^ »»g»g » a g 4afgxysT'sx ss »x a>aaaTTx»»»»»'f«'»^»'»^^^'^^''^^'g»»*»^nr»'g'»i-!r ; THE FOURTH BIENNIAL REPORT BOARD OF DIRECTORS OP THE MORGANTON, N. C RALEIGH : Guy V, Barnes, Printer to Governor's Council. 1899. ^ THE FOURTH BIENNIAL REPORT BOARD OF DIRECTORS MORGANTON, N, C. RALEIGH : Guy V. Barnes, Printer to Governor's Council. 1899. Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive in 2011 witii funding from State Library of Nortii Carolina http://www.archive.org/details/biennialreportofanort BOARD OF DIRECTORS. M. L. REED. N. B. BROUGHTON. M. H. HOLT. R. A. GRIER, V. V. RICHARDSON, SAMUEL HUFFMAN. A. J. DULA. OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. M. L REED. President. E. McK. GOODWIN, Sec'y ex officio. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. M. L. REED. Chairm.\n. R. A. GRIER. SAMUEL HUFFMAN. EDUUATIOiXAL DEPARTMENT. SUPERINTENDENT. Edward McK. Goodwin. M. A. teachers. manual department. David R. Tillinghast. Zacharias W. Haynes. Edwin G. Hurd, A. M., John C. Miller. O. A. Betts. Mrs. Laura A. Winston. H. McP. Hofsteater. Miss Olivia B. Grimes. Mrs. (). M. Hofsteater. ORAL department. Mrs. Anna C. Hurd. C iiief Instruutur. Miss Nannie McKay Fleming. Miss Eugenia T. Welsh. Miss Flora Lee Dula. Miss Carrie R. Stinson. Miss Daisie W. YouN(i. Miss Hesta Reed. Miss Mattif: Simxs TEACH hR OF ART. Mrs. O. A. Eetts. TEACHER OF SEWING AND DRESS-MAKIX(i. Miss Lizzie Ellington. STENOGRAPHER AND TYPEWRITER. J. U. Crews. DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT. STEWARD. George L. Phifer. MATRON. Mrs. Mary B. M alone. attending physician. Geo. H. Moran, M. D. supervisors of girls. supervisors of boys. M'ss Kate Walton. Miss Emma Kelly. Miss Olivia B. Burroughs. J. H. Crews. engineer. Charles McNeely. EXPERT printer. H. McP. Hofsteater. EXPERT carpenter. V. V. Halt man. IXPERT SrOEMAKER. W. A. TOWNSEND. PRESIDENT'S REPORT. To His siixceUency, Daniel L. Russell, Governor of North Carol na: I have the honor to submit this, the fourth biennial report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. You vdll find attached the r'^port also of the Superin-tendent and Steward It was in the Legislature of 1891 that the first move ment was made for the establishment of a distinct school for the white deaf children of the State. That body maae an appropriation for beginning the work, and in May, 1892. the erection of the building vv^as begun. The Legislature of 1893 fixed the annual appropriation at !^35,<MiO. The school was first opened for the reception of pupils in October, 1894. The object of the General Assembly in establishing this separate school for the deaf children of our State, was that a larger number of them should bo accommodated, and we are pleased to be able to report that our expectation has been realized; but we are sorry to state that there are in North Caro-lina many deaf children who are not receiving the edu-cation and training to which they are entitled, if th3ir parents would only allow them to come. The Legislature of 1897 appropriated 820,000 to be used in erecting a school building, which is now com-plete, with the exception of the heating and lighting plant which will cost about two thousand dollars. With this building our plant will be complete, and the State will have provided for her afflicted deaf chil-dren for several years to come, and North Carolina will have made provision for her deaf children that is second to none of our sister States. 6 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Our Industrial Departments have made rapid progress and are successful, as you will see by reference to the Superintendent's report. It is very encouraging to note the rapid advancement of the pupils in the different Industrial Departments. In the Farm Department, they are doing excellent work in the Woodworking Department their advancement has been marked; in the Printing Department, they are developing into expert printers ; in the Shoe Department they are proving their aptness, all of which goes to prove the wisdom and goodness of our grand old State in providing the means to make good and useful citizens out of her poor and unfortunate deaf children. Your Board has been as economical as possible with the means placed in our hands for the support and management of the School, but the increase in the number of pupils has caused a corresponding increase in teachers and for maintenance. We therefore respectfully ask the General Assembly, through you. for an increase of ^5,000 annually to our present appropriation. Your Board, before closing this report, desires to acknowledge the faithful and untiring devotion of the Superintendent, teachers, and officers in their respective places. To them is due the excellent school and its wise, economical management. Respectfully submitted, M. L. Reed, President of the Board of Directors. Morganton, N. C, December 1, 1898. 1 i, FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. Hon. M. L. Reed., President, and Gentlemen of the Board of Directors of the N. C. School for the Deaf and Dumb. Gentlemen:—In compliance with tiie statute creat-ing and establishing the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Damb, I have the honor herewith to submit this, my third biennial report, covering the fiscal period from December 1, 1S96, to December 1, 1898. In my second report I cited briefly the conditions un-der which the doors of our school were opened in 1894r, and the increase from year to year in attendance, and, to-day, it is gratifying to report a large increase since that report, showing that during the biennial period just closed 24:9 pupils were received in this school, and at present we have a large number of applications on file, and we know of many others who are eligible and who ought to be sought out and induced to enter and receive the benefit that the State has so liberally pro-vided. We have offered admission the present session to about forty who have not yet entered, and whose parents applied and asked for places to be reserved. In many States there is a compulsory education law, requiring parents of deaf children to send them to some school a certain number of years between certain ages. I have reached the concluson that our own State should have such a law, compelling the attendance of deaf chil-dren upon some school. We find in ahiiost every county of North Carolina adult deaf mutes not only uneducated, but in the most pitiable ignorance ; yet many of them could not have been admitted had they applied during their school age. It should be gratifying to every good ^ NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL citizen, who has love for his fellow-man, to know that our State has provided more ample accommodations now for her children, who are deprived of part of their senses, which their more fortunate brothers and sisters enjoy. It is acknowledged by leading educators in our profession that North Carolina has kept apace with her sister States, indeed, leading some of them, and. to-day. regardless of larger populations, there are only two other Southern States with as large attendance of white deaf mutes as ours. From our roll of attendance and financial report you will observe that our annual per capita cost for actual consumption is less than one hundred and fifty dollars. In this, contrasted with the per capita cost of many of the better schools, you will recognize that we have been as economical as possible, consistent with good work and good results. The average per capita cost in leading schools is §225, and upward. You can readily see how our per capita cost can be reduced as our num-ber increases, our " operating expenses" remaining the same. The larger attendance we have, the better we can grade, thereby assuring better work. Of course, as our attendance increases, we must increase the num-ber in our corps of teachers. THE NATURE OF OUR SCHOOL. Many people regard our school a sort of an asylum, where children are to be taken care of, fed and clothed, and after a few years here to be sent home, only older and larger in stature. But we have endeavored to im-press this fact upon the State, that our sole object is to educate the white deaf children of the State, and when that is done to the best of our ability, our responsibility ceases. We strive to make everything else secondary to their education, not only in books, but in character and industry. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. COURSE OF STUDY. Under the law, we are required to teach the common school branches, and when this is done successful!}^, we claim little more. The course in our school is about the same as that given in the average good school throughout .America. When a bright, ambitious boy or girl wants to attend Gallaudet College, a National institution for the deaf, Wv^ encourage them and give them advantage of higher study. We have three young deaf men ic college cow. and we are pleased to note that they are taking a good stand with the brightest young men of the best schools on the continent. A COMBINED SYSTEM SCHOOL. Our school belongs to that class of schools known in the profession as '' combined schools." We have two methods of instructmg the deaf, and assign children to the department best adapted, in our judgment, to their particular cases and ability. Those whom we have rea-son to believe can acquire speech and speech reading, we assign to the Oral Department, and the others, after fair tests, to the Manna] or Sign Department. Both departments have the same object in view—to teach every child to read and write the English language to a degree that will aid him in the ordinary paths of life, not simply to be able to earn a livelihood, but to live and be happy. It is not the place in this report to discuss methods or inerits of any particular methods, but to report what has beeu accomplished under the methods used. About 75 per cent of all the schools for the deaf in America belong to the class of '' combined system schools." This fact alone should prove the wisdom of the Board of Directors and management in adopting this system 10 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL when the school was first opened, not being tied down to any one method. In the Manual Department we teach the same studies as are given in the Oral Depart-ment, and to as successful a degree. The children taught in this Department have as good conniiand of English as those in the Oral Department, the only differ-ence being the acquisition of speech for the latter. It must be borne in mind, however, that not every deaf child can be taught speech, and many can not be taught successful] y by the Oral method. It is frequently de-monstrated, after one or more years' trial in the Oral Department, that it is to the child's own advantage to go to the Manual Department. ORAL DEPARTMENT. If a child can be taught speech, he should be put into this Departmeiit by all means. But, for the child's own good and happiness, if he can not be given speech, he should be taught in the Manual Department. I here-with include a special report of the Oral Department, by Mrs. Anna 0. Hurd. Chief Instructor of this Depart-ment : MRS. ANNA C. KURD'S REPORT. To E. McK. GooDWix^, Stipt. North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. Dear Sir :—When I took charge of the Oral Department in Sep-tember, 1897, there were flfty-four pupils enrolled and five teachers, including the chief instructor, employed, one less teacher than had been employed during the previous year. With your advice and assistance, the department was reorganized, and twenty pupils were transferred to the Manual Department. These pupils were those who had not made creditable progress in speech, and who, owing to their advanced age or other reasons, it was judged, would not improve in this line. The policy was adopted of receiving all pupils entering school for the first time, into the Oral Department, and retaining all such as should make satisfactory progress in speech. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 11 Out of thirty- five pupils, who entered in 1897, fifteen were retained in the Oral Department, and all at the present writing are doing well. Three pupils were transfeiTed from the Manual Department, mak-ing the total number of pupils in the Oral Department from Sep tember, 1897, to June, 1898, fifty-two. These were graded as well as possible into five classes. Two of the classes contained two divis ions each—Miss Stinson's and my own. At the semi annual meeting of the Board in November, Miss Hes ta Reed, who had completed a year's course of observation and prac tice work in the department, \Nas appointed an assistant teacher, and she has rendered valuable service in this capacity. About one half of my time was devoted to the two divisions of my own class, and one half w^as spent in the other classes— teaching, ad vising with the teachers, and observing their work. In January a written test or examination was prepared and con ducted by myself in each class, and at the annual examination in June the speech of each pupil in the department was tested and graded by myself. The work of the year, taken as a whole, was satisfactory. The close of school found the classes in good shape—better graded than at the beginning, the teachers better prepared for the work, and the pupils working with vigor and interest. An Oral Teachers' Class was formed at the beginning of the year and continued semi-monthly meetings during the session. The special features of our work—speech and language teaching-were cai-efuUy and ihoroughly studied, and I furnished the teachers with a very full set of notes Avith diagrams on the formation and development of the elementary sounds. We are indebted to Dr. George H. Moran. who, at your invitation, gave us a series of interesting talks on the throat and the ear. Two young ladies, Miss Mattie Simms, of Raleigh, and Miss Annie Ervin of Morganton, spent the year in observation and practice work in the class rooms. Miss Simms was engaged this year as a teacher, and Miss Ervin secured a position in the Georgia School for the Deaf. In August I attended the Conventionof Instructors of the Deaf held at Columbus. Ohio, and by invitation of the Chairman of the Normal section, gave an examplification of my method of speech and lan-guage teaching, with Munny Hartsell, a congenitally deaf pupil from this school. It is a satisfaction to feel that this work was wai-mly endorsed by the members of the Convention. At the opening of the school in September, 1898, three pupils did not return to school, one returned after a year's absence. Twenty-eight new pupils were admitted into the Institution, nineteen of 1:> NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL whom were retained in the Oral Department. Three pupils have been transfened to us from the Manual Department, and three pu pils have been transferred to the Jlanual Department. Two additional teachers have been employed—Miss Mattie Sinuns and Miss Daisie W. Younp^. The 1 atter had had no preparation for oral work, but had taug'ht one year in the Manual Department of this school. A class of the younge.st pupils has been assigned to her. in which the work is chiefly of kindergarten natui-e, and in the meantime she is making a study of the development of voice and speech. Very little regrading in the classes was necessary. Five pupils who had failed to keep up with the standard were held back a grade and four pupils were advanced a grade. In the assignment of classes to teachers, the best interests of the classes were studied, and teachers were assigned to the grade where it was judged they would do the best work. The following is the present arrangement: Kindergarten class. Miss Young; First grade, Mrs. Huvd (assistant, Miss Reed); Second grade B, Miss Stinson ; Second grade A, MissSimms; Third grade. Miss Fleming: Fourth grade. Miss Welsh; Sisth grade, l\Iiss Dula. The special adaptability of teachers is of vital importance in oral teaching, and only those teachers shou'd be selected for this work, who are by nature and training especially (jualified. (rood teaching during the first two years lays the foundation for the use of spoken language, while faulty teacbing during this period renders its attainment almost an impossibility, hence these years are of the greatest importance. We have at present two fir.st year classes—the kindergarten class and my own, and two classes doing second grade work, all of which need mo.st careful supervision. It is my purpose to teach a portion of each day in each of these classes. The fh-al Teachers' (Jlass is continued, meeting weekly instead of fornightly. The work for this year will include child study and pedagogic studies. In conclusion, I would commend the faithful and efficient work of the teachers in the Department and the inci'eased ambition among our pupils to acquire speech. I believe that we are working along the most progiessive line, and that our results compare most favorably with those of other schools for the deaf. Let me thank you for your cordial support and cooperation in the wrrk of the Department. Very respectfully, AXN.'V C. HURD, Chief Instructor of the Oral Department. December 1, 1898. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 18 DEPARTMENT OF ART AND FREE-HAND DRAWINO. I am still of the opinion that much attention should be given drawing, as ;i means of mental development. The study and practice awakens interest in children, often when nothing else will. In our school every child is taught drawing, and those showing sp^^cial talent for drawing and painting are given more time and attention. We hardly expect any of our pupils to even earn a living in the pursuit of high art study, but it will tend to educate and elevate them. I append a biief report of the Department of Art and Drawing by Mrs. 0. A Belts, teacher of this branch: MR8. (). A. BP:TTS"S REPORT. Mr. E. McK. (tOODWIX, Superiiitt-iideiit ifSvhoo/ for the Deaf. Dear Sir:—I herewith submit my report of the Art Department for the past two years: We are now be^-inning- the fifth year. Since the last report we have had sufBcient time to reaUze the practical ^ood of iitiHzin^ the gift of observing, so natural to the deaf, through the medium of free hand drawing, which io taught every pupil. The special class in the Studio now nunrbers eighteen, six of whom are taught painting in oil and water colors. Those pupils completing their literary coru-se last jear, were de prived of several years" study in the Studio, as this Department is comparatively a new feature in the school; this we regret, as they were some of the best talent. Considerable attention is given to sketching from nature, as we believe this to be the best way to de velop ideas of color and foirn. The pupils take great interest in their work, and from experience, the work compares favoral)ly with that of hearing childien. The fainting "La France Roses." which hangs in the State parlor, is the work of R( beit Miller, and was donated by him. Very resijectfully, Mrs. O. A. Bktts. 14 NORTH CAROTJNA SCHOOL INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT. There is no school, wherein industrial training should receive more prominence than in a school for the deaf. While deafness does materially hinder a person in the acquisition of knowledge, it does not interfere with the skill of his hand. He should make as fine a mechanic as if he were not deaf. He may meet more difficulty in the pursuit of his vocation than his hearing brother, not because of his lack of skill, but because the outside world does not know his ability. We instruct our boys in four different trades, cprpentry and woodworking, shoemaking, typesetting and printing, and farming and gardening. To the girls we teach sewing and dress-making, besides such general domestic work as most girls meet in every well-regulated household. TYPESETTING AND PRINTING. Of all trades, many claim tliat printing is perhaps the best for the deaf, and, inasmuch as it trains the mind in language, it helps to educate outside of the trade. The Kelly Messenger, a little weekly we issue, is printed by the boys. This paper, though non-pretentious, has created a warm interest between parents and the school. We print the weekly report of the standing of each pu-pil. We also do the printing for the school. SHOEMAKING DEPARTMENT. This trade is thoroughly practicable for the deaf, and is perhaps one of the best trades for many of them, for the reason stated in a former report, that they can find work in any community. In this Department w^e do a larger part of the shoemaking for the school, as our shoe-shop accouat will show. OUR FARM. It is but natural that, in an agricultural community, the farm for an institution like this would be an impor- . FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 15 tant feature and one which would comnnend itself to the State at large. We have never claimed to attempt to teach the science of agriculture, but to operate a farm department in a practical way, just as a well-regulated farm should be, requiring the boys to work certain hours on the farm at such work as they can do and learn to do. and conduct the farm in such a way as will convince our boys that farming can be made lucrative, and is honor-able. We have about seventy-five acres in actual culti-vation, but it must be borne in mind that when we opened the school four years ago the land was grown up in broom straw, and badly washed in deep gullies. But much of this same land has been reclaimed, and is producing well and responds abundantly to improve-ment. I am glad to report that during the present year, re-gardless of unfavorable seasons, we have raised over forty tons of fine hay, and about sixty tons of other dry forage. We raised 2,100 bushels of sweet potatoes, and 900 bushels of Irish potatoes, and raised about four hundred bushels of corn. In the garden we raised an abundant crop of the most lucious strawberries. In the season of 1897 we gath-ered 1,780 quarts, and in 1898 we gathered 1,450 quarts. We raise abundance of turnips and early and late vege-tables for our consumption. We have recently seeded twelve acres in grass, and while part of this is improved land, and the rest fresh, we expect to reap a good crop of grass. 1 venture to say that within two more years our land will be in a high state of cultivation. INDUSTRIES FOR OUR GIRLS. Industrial departments for girls in an institution for the deaf, is a question that has coacerned many Super- 16 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL intendents, and thus far the question has not been solved. Our girls assist in the regular household work, such as keeping rooms, dishwashing, and keeping the dining-room in order. The girls take their turns in the ironing room. SEWING AND DRESSMAKING EEPARTMENT. Ev^ery girl, regardless of her circumstances at home, should learn to sew, and sew well. Our gu'ls are taught by a competent teacher, who teaches cutting and fitting, both dressmaking and plain sewing. Most of the older girls cut and make any garment they wear. OUR CORPS OF TEACHERS. We have proclaimed that the sole object of this school is to educate, and not simply to take care of the chil-dren for a period. Therefore, it is exceedingly important to have a thor-oughly competent corps of teachers. Teaching the deaf is a specialty, and training young teachers is too often done at the expense of the children taught. Teachers of the deaf must have the educational qualifications that all succossful teachers need, besides the knowledge of the peculiar work, and withal, be should know the characteristics of the deaf. This last qualificatior. takes patient study and years of experience. It is diffictilt for those not acquainted with thn pecu-liar process of Leaching the deaf, to appreciate the large corps of teachers needed for the number of children taught. Prof. George L. Wyckotf. late Principal of the Iowa School, m his last report said: "We must begin with individual instruction in language, and it will readily be seen that the nearer we can come to furnishing a teach 3r for each pupil, the nearer we will be to an ideal arrangement." -¥ ?'- - *- fi . *"*"* i^. ' l* -c J «•fiip FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 17 Since opening this school, we have trained nine of our own teachers, and three who have gone to other schools, and it is gratifying to learn that they are all doing satisfactory work in their respective schools. Previous to this session we have had one or more nor-mal students receiving instruction, preparatory to be-coming teachers. But after training as many teachers as we needed, it was deemed wise to discontinue the de-partment for the present. OUR NEW SCHOOL HOUSE. The Legislature of IS9T made a special appropriation of S20,0C0 to build and equip a school building, but the said appropriation was not available till the spring of 1898. We confidently expected to complete the build-ing by October 1, but owing to the very unfavorable season for building, the house is yet unfinished, and at present all woodwork is suspended waiting for the walls to dry out. Piactically, all the material for the woodwork has been gotten out, and it will require but a small expenditure to complete same. Our plumbing and steam-fitting is yet to be placed in the bilding, and it will require a special appropriation of *2j_M)0 to do same in a proper manner. When com-pleted it will be one of the very best school buildings for the deaf in America. The building is not elaborate in architecture, but well arranged, convenient, and sub-stantial; a brick structure, slate roof, wings two story, and center three story. It has twenty regular class rooms, with closet for each, necessary lavatories and water-closets, and a large hall in the center. When completed, we can accommodate three hundred (300) children, though there are more than that number in the State who should be educated. In connection with this building, it is pleasant to recall the happy occasion 1 8 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL of the laying of the corner-stone, on May 31, by the Grand Lodge of Masons of North Carohna. This cor-ner- stone has hiscribed upon it the name of Grand Mas-ter Walter E. Moore, and simply the date of 1898. [Tpon this occasion Dr. Edward M. Gallaudet dehvered the address upon the part of the school, and Judge AValter Clark in behalf of the Masons. HEALTH AND LOCATION. Many pronounce our location an ideal one for such school. We are not subject to either extreme of temperature. Our health record is remarkable, I beg to herewith in elude the report of Dr. George H. Moran, Physician to the school, and also the report of the State Board of Health, both of which speak for themselves, and should be deemed more conclusive evidence on these points than a report b)^ the Superintendent. REPORT OF THE PHYSICIAN. MORGANTOX, N. C, November 30, 1S9S. E. McK. GooDAViN, Esq.. Sujoerintendent School for Deaf and Dumb. Sir : I have the honor to say that since my last report tlie health of the .school under your charge has been excellent. There have been but five serious cases of illness ; one, a violent form of pleuritis, ended fatally on the fifth day from conipre.ssion of lung, due to rapid eff^usion. This is the only death whicli has ever occurred in the school. There have been two cases of typhoid fever, one of which was complicated by pneumonia, and two other cases of the latter dis-ease. In January, 1897, there were thirty-six cases of grippe of a mild type, which quickly recovered. We have had the usual troubles inci-dent to changes of season, in wa.y of colds, diarrhoea, etc., which, in all cases, only required confinement to one rooiu, careful nursing, and but little medication. I have treated three fractures of fore-arm. and one serious burn. Last winter, owing to the prevalence of small-pox in our State, it was thought best to vaccinate those not previously protected, and about two hundred pupils and employees submitted to the operation. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 19 I have visited the school two hundred and five times, and have cave-fully inspected the buildings from time to time (of which inspections special reports have been made) , and have always found their sanitary condition good. In concluding this report, I desire to express my thanks for the hearty and cordial support I have invariably received from you and those who assist me in the care of the sick. Very respectfully yours, Geo. H. Moran, M. D., Physician to the School. REPORT OF STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. To the Board of Directors of the School for the Deaf and Dumb. Gentlemen : We beg leave to submit to you the result of our visit to the In.stitution under your control, made by order of the State Board of He.ilth. Tt gives us mucli pleasure to report a very satisfactory san-itary condition of buildings generally. Thej' api^eared clean and well-cared for. and gave evidence of intelligent supervision. We would most earnestly recommend that the brick ffoor in the bath-rooms and in the passages on the lower floor be covered with a good coating of Portland cement, to prevent the constant accumula-tion of moisture in and under the bricks, and allow for the more thorough cleansing of the floors. In all the general bath-rooms the addition of a spraying apparatus will add much to the value of these rooms to the Institution, and to the better care of the inmates. The walls in the rooms of the Infirmary should be painted with not les.s than three coats of enamel paint, so that in case of the occurrence of infectious or contagious disease appearing in one or more of them the walls can be thoroughly washed in the jjrocess of disinfection, which will always follow the discharge of the patient. We hope your Board will see fit to adopt these recommendations, as we are convinced the.v will make for the best interests of the charges under your care. Geo. Gillett Thomas, M. D., Richard H. Lewis. M. D. OUR NEEDS. We have already alluded briefly to the per capita cost of maintenance, beheving ours to be the smallest per capita cost of any school for the deaf on the Continent save one, so'far as I can "ascertain, "r:As "our number in- 20 NORTH CARO: INA SCHOOL creases it will require more to run the school. There-fore, I recommend that your Board ask the General Assembly for $5,000 additional annually. This v.ill en-able us to take care of two hundred and fifty to two hundred 'and sixty children, and yet put the per capita cost even lower than now. One of the most pressing needs of our school is a cold storage. It is a matter of economy to make this expenditure. With such rooms we could preserve such as would other-wise be lost, bay in larger quantities, and thus save in costs. It will require !?.5,ooo to put an addition to our Industrial Building for this purpose, and install the cold storage plant. CONVENTION OF AMERICAN INSTRUCTORS OF THE DEAF. The Convention met in Columbus, Ohio, July 28 to August -t, and the Superintendent and Mr. and Mrs. Hurd, Mr. and Mrs. Hofsteater, Miss Young and Mr. Miller were present. Mrs. Hurd gave an exemplifica-tion of methods and demonstrated the same with Minnie Hartsell, a deaf pupil from our third year's class, and all of the North Carolina delegation had cause to feel proud of the work of our school. The Convention received the work cordially. SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED NEEDED. North Carolina has provided for all the unfortunate classes, except feeble-minded and idiotic children. Our State has responded most nobly to the cry of humanity for the care of her unfortunates—the insane, the blind, and the deaf and dumb. liut there is a large number of children who are not eligible to either of these insti-tutions. The State owes as much to this class as to either of FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 21 the classes already provided for. We have had to refuse admission, under the law, to many of these children, though deaf and dumb, yet either idiotic or imbecile. There are only a few of the States now that have not provided an asylum, or home, for this class of their un-fortunates. Statistics show that there are more idiotic and feeble-minded children than either of the deaf or blind. Many of these children could be treated, and their suffering ameliorated, indeed many of them could be trained, and to some extent educated. I respectfully recommend that your honorable Board lay the needs of this class of our children before the Governor, and urge the General Assembly to create and establish an institution for such children. OUR FIjSTANCES. At the close of the biennial period, November 30, 1896, our report showed an indebtedness of §4-, 144.42, all of which has been paid off without a special appro-priation. We have also built a barn at a cost of §1,700, besides purchasing a number of cows, a pair of horses, and a limited amount of farming implements, and have made many minor permanent improvements, I here-with append a detailed report of Capt. George L. Phifer, Steward. STEWARD'S REPORT. (A) Annual Statement of Expenditure of the North Carolina School. FOR THE Deaf and Dumb, from November 30, 1896, to November. 30, 1897. ' Freight $556.84 C intingent 454.04 Cjmnrssary 7,3S8.09 House Furnishing 924. S3 22 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Wood - $2,243.51 Lumber 1,249.37 Excavation 5. 00 Electric Light * 55.25 Drugs and Hospital Stores .-. 114.61 Statii nery and Books... 154. 17 Horses and C J ws . 142.50 Employees - 4, 239. 73 Carpenters and LaV^orera 2,071.59 Printing - - 94.93 Directors - 391.90 Machinery _. .- 414.03 Art Department 22.P3 Laundry 62.51 Building Material (Hardware) 853.60 Lime and Cement - 134. 35 Oils 112.88 Shoe Shop -.- 376.09 Officers and Teachers 12,859.15 Farm 582.62 Brick - -- 504.04 Traveling Expenses of Children 15.95 Brooms 13.15 Total - $36,052.35 (B) Annual Statement of Expenditure of the North Carolina School FOR THE Deaf and Dumb, from November 30, 1897, to November 30, 1898. Freight --- $451.16 Contingent 552.12 Commissary 8,016.72 House Furnishing 843. 81 Wood. - 2,119.10 Lumber - - - 149.58 Electric Lights 82.30 Drugs and Hospital S^.ores 170. 61 Stationery and Books - 189. 31 HorFe.sandCjws - 170.75 Emp'oyees - - - 5,062.55 Carpenters and Laborers 480. 23 Prin ing '- 52.84 Directors - 246.65 Machinery 579. 64 FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 23 Art D.'partment... $27.25 Laundry .. 65.60 Building Matorial (Hardware).. , 899.37 Lime hH'I Cement J 11. 15 Oils... 101.11 Shoe Shop 342.71 Officers and Teachers 13, 027. 66 Farm . .. 534.25 Travelmi^ Expenses of CniHren 93.96 B.o<ms 39.79 Insurance . . ... 480.00 Tot >1 $34, 290. 32 (C) Statement of Revenue and Liabilities op the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb for Two Years, from Novem BER 30, 1896, TO November 30, 1898. revenue R-c iptsfrom St^te Treasurer $70,000.00 Less amount loss by failure of Piedmont Bank.. 189.46 $69,810.54 RfC-ipts by Steward 1896-97 - 1,700.65 Rt-c-iptsby Steward 1897-98 2,472.65 By balance unpaid _ 503.15 74, 486. 99 1896 liabilities. Nov. 30 Warrants nn hand unpai 1 ... $4, 114.42 Warrants issued during 1896-97 (A) 36, 052.35 Warrants issued during 1897-98 (B). 34,290.22 1898. 74,486.99 Nov. 30 To b 1 lance of unpaid warrants on hand 503. 15 (D) We have the following supplies on hand, some of which are es'imated: 1898 Nov. 30 1,100 bushels sweet potatoes, at 30c _ $330.00 40 tons hay, at $15 600. 00 500 bushels Irish potatoes, 603 -.1 300.00 325 cords wood, at $1.30 422.50 10,000 pounds pork and bogs 500. 00 2, 152. 50 Notes and accounts ... 325.00 2,477. 50 24 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Geo L. Phifer, Steward, in account loith North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. 1896 CASH ACCOUNT. Dr CR. N>v. 30 To balance on hand . $3,656.11 1S97. Nov. 30 To amount receive d ] , 700. 65 1898. Nov. 30 To amount received . 2,603.91 1S97. Jan. 2 By cash warrants returned to W. H. Worth, Treasurer .. |2, 076. 47 4 By amount lest by failure of Piedmont Bank 130.96 1898. Nov. 30 By balance 4,752.94 6,960.37 6,960.37 1898. Nov. 30 To bilanceon hand ...$4,752.94 The balance, as stated above, con.'siats of receipted warrants paid out fiT account of school, audited and approved by the Executive Com-mittee. Receipts and Disbursements for Account of the Special Appro PRiATiON—New School Building, North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. receipts. 1898. Amount of appropriation, Legislature 1896-97 $20,000.00 Amount sale 20 barrels lime 20.00 DISBURSEMENTS. 20.020.00 For Brick $4,711.35 Lumber 1,873.89 Lime and cement 1,307.92 Labor.. .- 5,621.57 Architect 400.00 Building material 1,427.46 Contingent 108.65 Krof 2,032.09 Granite work and door sills 772. 43 Plastering and lathing 868. 26 Electric lights . 12.79 Heating . 484.04 Balance 399.55 20, 020. 00 FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 25 1893. Nov. 30 To balance unexpendid $399.55 Respectfully euhmitted, Geo. L. Phifer, Steivard. STATE TREASURER'S REPORT. Raleigh, N. C . December IS, 1S98. To the Board of Directors. Gentlemen :- 1 have ihe honor to report the fcUowinK recpi'pt'^ and dis^buisemenls on account cf N ith Carolina School fir ihe D -af and Dumb for the two yc^ara ending November 30, 1398 : receipts. 1897-98. To earnings . .. $6,849.41 To Hpprtpiiations... ... 90,000.00 T. titl . 96, 849. 41 1896. disbdrs'ments D^c. 1 Bf amount overdrawn $912. 03 1897. By vouchers paid --- 35,787.26 1898. By vouchers pa d ... ... 57,189.84 1898. By balance 2,960.28 96,849.41 1898. l>.c. 1 T.J balance forward .. 2,960.28 Ref-pectfullv subrait'ed, W. H. Worth, Treasurer Ex officio. W. H. Martin, Clerk. OUR ASSISTANTS. Before closing my report, I wish to acknowledge the faithful efforts, on the part of the subordinate officers, teachers and employees, to make the school a success. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. We beg to gratefully acknowledge the generous con-cessions made by all the railroads in the State, in grant-ing special rates for children and teachers and officers in charge of same ; and to the Southern Railroad, for special courtesies extended locally. 26 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL We are grateful to various newspapers in the State for donation of their papers, and to the various schools for the deaf for exchanges of their papers. The Volta Bureau, Washington, D. C, has furnished from time to time valuable pamphlets, statistics and literature, on the subject of the education of the deaf. Respectfully submitted, E. McK. Goodwin, Sujyerintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 27 OUTLINE OF OUR COURSE OF STUDY. FIRST YEAR. Kindergarten exercises designed to cultivate atten-tion, o])servation and imitation, and easy written lan-guage construction, from action work. Free-hand drawing, original work, letters, news and questions. Oral Department—Development of the voice—drill upon elementary sounds, combination of sounds and words. (The Oral Department takes the same course of study in each year, as is given to the Manual Department, in addition to speech work. SECOND YEAR. Simple written language construction continued, with daily drill in written exercises. Miss Fuller's Primer, Miss Cyr's Reader, Free-hand Drawing, writing with pen and ink in copy book. THIRD YEAR. Language work continued, Miss Sweet's Reading Book, No. 2, Supplemental Reading, easy lessons in numbers, Free-hand Drawing, daily drills in penman-ship. FOURTH YEAR. Miss Sweet's Reader, No. 3; Miss Hammond's, No. 2. Number work to suit advancement of class. Simple lessons in geography, prepared by the teacher. Original language work. Free-hand Drawing and daily drill in Penmanship. FIFTH YEAR. Reading lessons, number work Prince's Arithmetic, Nos. 1 and 2. 28 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Original laugaage work. Geograpliy lessons prepared by the teacher. Historical stories of America and Ameri-cans, selected and prepared by the teacher. Free-hand Drawing and daily drill in penmanship. SIXTH YEAR. Language work and composition, supplemental read-ing suited to class, Reed and Kellogg's Graded Lessons in English Grammar, Primary History of the United States, Wentworth's Primary Arithmetic and Geogra-phy. Teachers should give language work on current events and local news. Free-hand Drawing and daily drill in Penmanship, SEVENTH YEAR. Language study and composition continued, attention being given to idiomatic phrases; Reed and Kellogg's Graded Lessons in English Grammar completed; Fry's Complete Geography begun; Wentworth's Grammar-school Arithmetic ; American History ; Free-hand Draw-ing and daily drill in Penmanship. EIGHTH YEAR. Language study continued ; Reed and Kellogg's Higher Lessons in English completed; Composition: Geogra-phy completed; Wentworth's High School Arithmetic completed; English History, Elementary Physics,. Ele-mentary Physiology and Hygiene. SUNDAY SCHOOL AND RELIGIOUS TEACHING. All instruction given in this school shall be strictly non-sectarian, the object being to instill into the child's mind a reverence for the Deity and the underlying prin-ciples of religion and morality. Until the pupil has learned to read the text of the Bible, the teacher is required to prepare the Sunday FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 39 School lessons, embracing stories of Bible characters, told in language suited to the child's mental capacity and advancement. When the pupil is sufficiently advanced to read the Scriptures with the aid of his teacher, he is required to read the lesson from the Bible text, using any lesson help that can be had. The school is opened daily with praj'er and Scripture reading, or lessons in morals. Chapel exercises every Sunday by one of the teachers. 30 NOETH CAROLINA SCHOOL INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT. PRINTING OFFICE. The expprt iu charge shall instruct all boys placed under his charge in typesetting, job and press-work- — the nomenclature of the printer's trade—all terms used in printing estabhshments, names, styles and quality of materials used, value of same, names of all implements of the office, and how to make estimates for various classes of work. carpenter's department. The expert in charge of this department shall instruct all the boys placed in his charge in carpentry, teaching-all terms used in his department, names of tools and in-struments, kinds and classes of material used, value of •same, how to estimate on work, proper charges for vari-ous classes of work. SHOE SHOP. The expert in charge' shall instruct the boys in shoe-making, measuring, cutting and fitting, and terms used in his department, names of tools and instruments, kinds and classes of material, value of same, proper charges for various kinds of work. SEWING DEPARTMENT. The teacher in charge of this department shall instruct the girls in all classes of sewing, cutting and fitting, terms used iu this class of work, different styles of vari-ous garments, names and kinds of all classes of dress goods, value of same, quantities necessary to make cer-tain garments. The girls of the advanced classes shall be required to cut, fit, and make one entire suit for herself, and one for one of the younger pupils each year. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 31 LIST OF PUPILS. MALES. NAME. P.ARENT OR GU.^RDI.\N. POST-OFFICE. COUNTYs Askew, James J. A. Askew Neuse Wake. Bailey, George R. B. Bailey Woodleaf. Rowan. Biggerstaff, Robt A. A. Biggerstaff Ellensboro Rutherford Biggerstaff, Kelly A. A. Biggerstafif Ellensboro Rutherford. Boger, Reece William Boger Flows Cabarrus. Boyd, Hugh Thomas Boyd Richmond Chatham. Brendle, Harley C Rev. Jos. H. Brendle Morgauton Burke. Brown, John I, R.L.Brown Gib^ion Station Richmond. Buckner, Johnnie Henry Buckner Silk Hope Chatham. Beaver, Everett C John P. Beaver China Grove Cabarrus. Butner, Sammie H. M. Butner ; BurnsviUe Yancey. Brake, Cleveland Dempsey Brake Rocky Mount Edgecombe. Bowman, Arthur William Bowman Petra Caldwell. Carroll, John - W.D.Carroll Turkey Sampson. Cartner, Roy Joseph Cartuer Kappa Rowan. Caudill, Vance J. F. Caudill Whitehead Alleghany. Chambers, Wm. C W. H. Furr Concord Cabarrus. Clayton, Henry H. A. Clayton Bushy Fork Person, Coggiu, Eddie J. R. Coggiu Richmond Chatham. Crutchfield, Geo Mrs. L. J. Crutchfield Winston Forsyth. Calhoun, Bennie J. P. Calhoun Sumraerfield Guilford. Culbreth, Stephen W. D. Culbreth Fayetteville Cumberland. Coker, Milton Mrs. Mary Coker Aaron Wayne. Dail, Edward Mrs. Catharine Dail Seven Springs Wayne. Deloatch, John W. R. Deloatch Jackson Northampton. Dixon, Currie James A. Dixon Haw River Alamance. Dougherty, Pleas John Dougherty Giaybeal Ashe. Durham, GroverC W.J.Durham Roscoe Chatham. Durham, Oscar W.J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. Dyson, Lindsay John Dyson King's Creek Caldwell. Dyson, Marcus John Dyson ..-.King's Creek Caldwell. Eckard, David Mrs. Jane Rumple Granite Falls Caldwell. Edwards, Sinclair Levi C.Edwards Relief Mitchell. Eubanks, Golden Mrs. J. H. Pettit Henrietta Rutherford. Farrior, Johnathan J. D. Farrior Wilson Wilson, Ferguson, Jarvis W. R. Ferguson Ferguson Haywood. Fortune, Roma John Fortune Black Mountain McDowell. Fowler, John Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Green, Weston J. A. Green Waynesville Haywood. Green, Noah W Joseph Green Bakersville Mitchell. Hagwood, Percy Mrs. H.C. Hagwood Pilot Franklin. Hamlet, Oscar A.A.Hamlet Asheville. Buncombe. Hartsell, Luther Mrs. Mary Hartsell Locust Stanlj'. 82 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL NAME. PARKNT OR GOABDIAN. POST-OFFICE. COUNTY. Harris. Joseph Benj. H. Harris Oswego Franklin. Henderson, Ross C. P. Henderson Croft Mecklenburg. Herndon, George J. F. Herndon Grover Cleveland. Honeycult, David Joseph Honeycutt Salisbury Rowan. Hopson, Harvey H. M. Hopson Durham Durham. Hosley. Cephus Joseph Hosley Hickory Catawba. Houck, Edgar Mrs. .^nna C.Houck Glenburnie Caldwell Hendrix, Grover Sanford Hendri.x Darby Wilkes. Hunter, W.Oscar W.O. Hunter. Nebo McDowell. Hyraan, Clifton Mrs. Helen B. Hyman Whi taker's Edgecombe. Hartsell, .\lonzo . .^ _Mrs.Mary Hartsell Locust Stanly. Ives, David J. D. Ives South Creek Beaufort Johnson, Hugh P.F.Johnson Benson Johnston Johnson, Lamont A. A.Johnson Buck Shoals Wilkes Johnson. Leslie Henry Johnson Kinston Lenoir. JoUey, Welley : K.D.X.Jolley Boiling Spring Cleveland. Jones, Geo A David Jones White Plains Surry. Jones, Lewis John M. Jones Harrelsville Hertford. Jones, D. Melville Yancey B.Jones —Henderson Vance. King, Leonard Mrs. Margaret King Faisoii Duplin. King, William T Belfield King Riggsbee Chatham. King, W. Spencer Mrs. Parthenia King Hargr»ve Granville. King, Gideon John Hansley Cyrus Onslow. Kirkman, William A. E. Kirknian Maple Cypress Craven. Land, Ramon P C.I,. Land Elm City Wilson Lane, Jas. ."V., Jr James A.Lane Lasker Northampton. Leonhardt, Carroll L. L. Leonhardt Reepsviile Lincoln Mace, Fred James Mace _ Elsie Mitchell. Maner, Wesley Burrell Maner Lowders Stanly McCormick, Neil W. >^. McCorinick Rowland , Robeson: McCorniick, Wa'ter W. S. McCormick Rowland Robeson McCorquodale, M. E R. McCorquodale Falcon Cumberland McGhee, Sidney Charles McGhee Flint Wake. McGuire, J. Monroe D. J. McGuire Dark Ridge Watauga. McLaughlin, John R..A. McLaughlin Harts Rowan. McCarthy, Geo. B J. W. McCarthy , Wilmington New Hanover Meacham, Joe M .A.lex. Swizgood Linwood Davidson. Mebaue, Leslie R.J.Mebane . Elon College Alamance Mer.itt, Elrnest Mrs. Laura McCockle Pineville _ Mecklenburg. Miller, Hugh G A.C.Miller Shelby Cleveland. Miller, Robert A.C.Miller Shelby Cleveland Miller. A.C., Jr .\.C. Miller Shelby Cleveland. Miller, Walter F.M.Miller Waco Cleveland Mundy, Charlie R.M. Mundy Denver Lincoln Myers, Thomas R.M.Myers ^ Alexander Buncombe. Myrick, Joseph J. R. Myrlck , Vaughn Warren. Moore, Jabes B. M. Mooie Deep Creek .\nson. Mozingo, James R W. B. Mozingo Cogdell Wayne. Murphy, Spencer D Rufu- B.K. Murphy Wanchese Dare. Nichols, Nathan Daniel Nichols McFarland Anson. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. ;^>H NAME. I'ARENT OR GUARDIAN. POST-OFFICE. COUNTY. Phillips. William E UUard A. Phillips DeWitt Henderson. Parker, .\ndrew J P. Hardy Warsaw Duplin, Pool, Grover C S. R. Pool Raleigh _J Wake. Pope, Carl B..'\.Pope Weldon Halifax. Pope, John W. E Piuk Pope Manley Moore. Putnam, Mallory \V -.William Putnam^__ Henrietta . Rutherford. Queen, William A Lee Queen Cowarts Jackson. Kam.'^ey, Charles. J. A. Ramsey StatesviUe Iredell. Register, Bertou M. C. Register Winnie Cumberland. Robertson. James M _ J. W. Robertson Mt. Olive Duplin. Royster, John W.J. Royster Oxford Granville. Rozzelle, Jefferson L. P. R jzzelle Spurrier Mecklenburg. Rainirs, Albeit W. H.Raines Goldsboro Wayne. Sea well, William A J. P. Seawell Carthage Moore. Shoe, William A. D. Shoe Mangum Stanly. Silver, Alphonzo A. B. Silver Burnsville Yancey. Smith, Joseph J.O.Smitli Saw Mill Caldwell. Strickland, John, Jr John Strickland Turlington ..Cumberland. Stroud, Willie T. E. Stroud ._ Durham Durham. Spivey, John Grey Spivey Goldsboro Wayne. Starnrs, Joseph J.T.Starnes Indian Trail Union. Slatten, William Dyer Slatten Tuckaseigee Jackson. Slatten, Ira Dyer Slatten Tuckaseigee Jackson. Tickle, James .Mrs. Minnie Tickle Dobson Surry. Uuderhill, O.lie J.D. Underhill Hickory Grove Wake. Waldrop, Etham Samuel Waldrop Tyron Henderson. Walker, Tyre .W.C.Walker .^bshess Wilkes. Watkin.«, Newton J. F. Watkins Faison Duplin. Watts, Rufus J. O. Watts Glady Buncombe. Wishon, Wallace J. M. Wishon Panther Creek Yadkin. Wilder, Cleveland T.O. Wilder Tunis Hertford. Woodell, Robert Mrs. Nancy C. Woodell Buies Robeson. Wright, Willie P.L.Wright Gibson Richmond. Wooding, Henry Gabriel Wooding Oxford Granville. York, Sammie Rev. I.I.York Fallston Cleveland. Young, John W Davis Young Salem Chapel Forsyth. Young. John B. F.Young South Toe Yancey. FEMALES. NAME. PARENT OR GUARDIAN. POST OFFICE. COUNTY. Angiers. Siewers P William J. Angiers Durham Durham. Bell, Annie Thos.C.Bell Faison Duplin. Boyd, Daisy ^ Mrs. N. Boyd Durham Durham. Bradshaw, Hattie John M. Bradshaw Cedar Cliff Alamance. Bradshaw, Mattie John M. Bradshaw Cedar Cliff Alamance. Brady, Etta .-indrew Brady Forest City Rutherford. Brown, Nellie Mrs. Bettie Scroggs Bluflf -. Madison. 84 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL NAME. PARENT OR GUARDIAN. POST-OFFICE. COUNTY. Brown, Sallie CD. Brown .--Durham .. ^Durham. Bright, Janie C. M. Bright Maiden Catawba. Byrd, Cora C.H.Byrd Wilhoit Yancey. Carlisle, Lillian _^B. F.Carlisle Whitaker's .-Nash. Carlisle, Bessie S.B.Carlisle Aurelian Springs.. .Halifax. Carter, Mary J.W.Carter Buck Horn Cumberland. Carter, Sewley J.W.Carter ..Buck Horn Cumberland. Carter, Minnie J.W.Carter Buck Horn Cumberland. Carter, El.sie Mrs. Mary Carter Raleigh Wake. Chapman, Barbara John C. Chapman Chambers Burke. Coleman, Day D.J. Coleman Cerro Gordo Columbus. Copeland, Nannie - Green Copeland Kremont Wayne. Cook, Daisy Ann Mrs. Ellen Cook Westfield Surry. Donaldson, Carrie M.J. Donaldson Miller- Iredell. Edwards, Ella Rufus P.Edwards Mill Springs . .-Polk. Faucett, Julia P. L. Faucett Littleton . Halifax. Filly aw, Jessie H. .M. Fillj-aw Dial Cumberland. Fowler, Dollie Manuel Fowler Tahor Columbus. Fowler, Ida Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbu;.. Fuquay, Ella Mrs. N. Fuquay Durham Durham. Gragg, Ida Mrs. Martha Gragg Sweet Water Watauga. Garren, Joanna Abner Garren Fruitland Henderson Gladden, Donnie A. C. Gladden Fallslon Cleveland. Green, Nellie J.R.Green Elsie Mitchell. Greenbeig, Fannie M. Greenberg Durham Durham. Harrison, Leslie M Mrs. M. R. Harrison Roper Washington. Hartsell, Daisy Mrs. Mary Hartsell Locust Stanly. Hartsell, Sophrona M Mrs. Mary Hartsell Locust Stanly. Harward, Glendora M.T. Ha rward Nelson Durham. Henson, Minnie J.J. Hensou Sweet Water Watauga. Herring, Sarah Dr. H.C. Herring Concord Cabarrus. Hilton, Nona John Hilton Thoinasville ._. Davidson. Hinshaw, Elmira Mrs. Isabella Hinshaw Sandy Grove Alamance. Hinson, Lelia Mrs. Georgetta Hinson Hood's Swamp Wayne. Hampton, Maggie J. L. Hampton Salem Forsyth Hagwood, Mary Mis. H.C. Hagwood Raleigh _ Wake. Holder, Gertie Mrs. Nancy Holder . .Morganton .. Burke. Hosley, Hettie Joseph Hosley Hickory Catawba. Humphreys, Gertrude John Humphreys -Woodleaf Rowan. Hyman, Alice M Mrs. Helen B. Hyman _ _ .Whitaker's. Edgecombe. Icard, Lonnie J.P.Icard Saw .Mill Caldwell. Ingram, Maud R. H. Ingram Pekin Montgomery. Jackson, Nannie E W.H.Jackson Kinston Lenoir. Jones, Sarah J. B.Jones Jamesville Martin. Jones, Aggie Murdock Jones Curriersville Moore. Kemp, Blonnie. J.A.Kemp Wakefield Wake. King, Maggie _._ ... Mrs. Margeret King . Faison.. -Duplin. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. NAME. LeGraiid, Maggie. I.aiig, Nannie IJiieberger, Carrie Lippard, Carrie Matiny, Mary - Mauny, Hannah McClamrock, Mary _ McKiiinon, Mary _ McKesso", Eliza__ McCall, Leona May_ Mebane, Ethel Mitchell, Ruth _- Morris, Annie Morgan, Maggie Neednani, Mattie O'Kelly, Ida... Oliver, Smithy Owen, Elva H Oslwalt. Mamie E .. PARENT OR GUARDIAN. POSTOKFICE. COUNTY. Mrs. M. T. LeGranrf Charlotte Mecklenburg. -W.M.Lang Farmville. Green. .W.S. Lineberger Mt. Holly - Gasion. .R.T. Lippard . Concord Cabarrus. -Abraham Mauny Liiicolnton Lincoln. Abraham Mauny Lin coin ton Lincoln. .Julius McClamrock Mocksville Davie. -M. M. MiKinnoii .Laurinburg .Richmond. C. F. McKesson Marganton Burke. .J. L. McCall ___Tulin Cabarrus. K.J. Mebane Elon College Alamance. W. H. Mitchell .inlander Bertie. .H. C. Morris Concord Cabarrus. -Albert Morgan Concord Cabarrus E. H.Needham Alreds. ._ Montgomery. .Dr. J. M. O'Kelly Williams Mill. Chatham. .Mrs.Callie Oliver Fremont Wayne. . D. A.Owen Winton Bertie. -F.K.®stwalt Ostwalt Iredell. Parker, Mittie J.P.Hardy .. ..Warsaw.. .. Duplin. Parnell, Nona M W. Frank Parnell .Lumberton Robeson. Parnell, sarah C W.Frank Parnell Lumberton .. Robeson. Partin, Addie G. B.Partin East Durham Durham. Partin, Bettie G. B.Partin East Duham ...Durham. I'atter.'ion, Sarali Murdock Patterson Hope Mills Cumberland. Patterson. Lena Murdock Patterson Hope Mills Cumberland Phillips, Ada J. W. Phillips. Pierce, Bertha W. R. Doster Pierce, Mary Frank Pierce Fike, Emma -_. . _. W.M.Pike.. Poplin, Amanda . ...Mrs. C. Poplin Powell, Cora L- S.H.Powell.. Prevatt, Orpha. . .Rev. T. .^. PreVHtt -Matthews Mecklenburg -Portieth Union. -Culerain Bertie. Guilford College Guilford. Locust Stanly. Lenoir Caldwell. Lumberton Robe.-on. Ragan, Myrtle Joel Ragan Jackson Creek .Randolph. Ramsey. Delia J.A. Ramsey Statesville Iredell Rich, Jennie Eli Rich Hayseed Catawba. Kich, Bcrlha Eli Rich Hayseed Catawba. Richardson, Maltie W.R.Richardson Kaleigh Wake. Rozzelle, Mattie L.P. Rozzelle . Spurrier Mecklenburg. Russell, Lillian L.F.Russell Institute.. Lenoir. Shoe, Delpha A.D.Shoe Mangum Montgomery. Smith. Deanie S.N.Smith Aaron.. .. . . Wayne. Snell, Victoria Horatio Snell Bath Beaufort. Spivey, Lula . Grey Spivey Goldsboro Wayne. Spivey, Rosa L.M. Spivey Lemon Springs Moore. Stanley, Jack W.L.Stanley Gasburg. Va Northampton. Starues, Bessie David A. Starnes Bethel .Alexander. fStrickland, Mary John Strickland Turlington Cumberland. Suttle, Aurelia S. R.Suttle Enola Burke. Stout, Velna John L. Stout Hale Mitchell. Suther, Eulalia H.L.Suther Troutman Iredell. Settle, Ardie M .Hampton Settle . Elkin .Surry 8H NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. NAMR. PARENT OR GUARDIAN. Thomas, Lillian J.B.Thomas. Tillman, Autney Mrs. M. Tillman Turner, Douschka Z. E. Turner Uzzell, Jessie. E. M.Uzzell Warren, Lula. P. L. Warren . Wearn, Maggie William Wearu Woodell, Agnora ...Mrs. N. Woodell Wilcox, Bertie I, Dr. J. N.Wilcox West, Pharby Lewis West White, Bessie D Richard C. White Whichard, Hallie W. H. Whichard. York, Laura- . „..Mrs. William York POST OFFICE. COUNTY. Swan Station -Moore. -Durham Durham. -Statesville. Fredell. Raleigh Wake .Hiddenite .Alexatider Charlotte Mecklenburg. -Buies Robeson Magnetic City Mitchell. Westville Harnett. Charlotte Mecklenbur^;. House Pitt, -Old Fort McDowell. STUDENT TE.\CHERS. Miss Hesta Reed. Miss Anna C. Ervin. Miss Mattie Simms.
|Title||Fourth biennial report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb|
|Publisher||Raleigh, N.C.: M.I. & J.C. Stewart, Public Printers and Binders,1896-1914.|
|Digital Characteristics-A||46 p.; 2.75 MB|
|Pres File Name-M||pubs_pubh_serial_ncschoolfordeafbiennial1899.pdf|
|Pres Local File Path-M||\Preservation_content\StatePubs\pubs_pubh\images_master|
Morth Carolina State Ubrary
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THE FOURTH BIENNIAL REPORT
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
MORGANTON, N. C
Guy V, Barnes, Printer to Governor's Council.
THE FOURTH BIENNIAL REPORT
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
MORGANTON, N, C.
Guy V. Barnes, Printer to Governor's Council.
Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive
in 2011 witii funding from
State Library of Nortii Carolina
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
M. L. REED. N. B. BROUGHTON.
M. H. HOLT. R. A. GRIER,
V. V. RICHARDSON, SAMUEL HUFFMAN.
A. J. DULA.
OFFICERS OF THE BOARD.
M. L REED. President. E. McK. GOODWIN, Sec'y ex officio.
M. L. REED. Chairm.\n.
R. A. GRIER. SAMUEL HUFFMAN.
Edward McK. Goodwin. M. A.
teachers. manual department.
David R. Tillinghast. Zacharias W. Haynes.
Edwin G. Hurd, A. M., John C. Miller.
O. A. Betts. Mrs. Laura A. Winston.
H. McP. Hofsteater. Miss Olivia B. Grimes.
Mrs. (). M. Hofsteater.
Mrs. Anna C. Hurd. C iiief Instruutur.
Miss Nannie McKay Fleming. Miss Eugenia T. Welsh.
Miss Flora Lee Dula. Miss Carrie R. Stinson.
Miss Daisie W. YouN(i. Miss Hesta Reed.
Miss Mattif: Simxs
TEACH hR OF ART.
Mrs. O. A. Eetts.
TEACHER OF SEWING AND DRESS-MAKIX(i.
Miss Lizzie Ellington.
STENOGRAPHER AND TYPEWRITER.
J. U. Crews.
George L. Phifer.
Mrs. Mary B. M alone.
Geo. H. Moran, M. D.
supervisors of girls. supervisors of boys.
M'ss Kate Walton. Miss Emma Kelly.
Miss Olivia B. Burroughs. J. H. Crews.
H. McP. Hofsteater.
V. V. Halt man.
W. A. TOWNSEND.
To His siixceUency, Daniel L. Russell,
Governor of North Carol na:
I have the honor to submit this, the fourth biennial
report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina
School for the Deaf and Dumb.
You vdll find attached the r'^port also of the Superin-tendent
It was in the Legislature of 1891 that the first move
ment was made for the establishment of a distinct school
for the white deaf children of the State. That body
maae an appropriation for beginning the work, and in
May, 1892. the erection of the building vv^as begun.
The Legislature of 1893 fixed the annual appropriation
Fourth biennial report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumbfor