Seventh biennial report of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb
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Seventb Biennial •Report for tbe to 2>umb ^H,-:,.,:>"-'^ ;.";fiwPSr >*& •<$*' 11111111111 H HNWfli .;'-'.;• *'o', -.>• %}>' ^ I 11 ^H^^^^^^^HH I jflHBHK Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from State Library of North Carolina http://www.archive.org/details/biennialreportofednort THE SEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT BOARD OF DIRECTORS NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB, ff fj/. Jff/ieritifftif/e/i/. RALEIGH : E. M. Uzzell & Co., State Printers, Raleigh. 1904. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. A. C. Miller, N. B. Broughton, M. H. Holt, Frank Thompson, W. C. Dowd, M. F. Morphew, J. C. Seagle. OFFICERS OF THE BOAED. A. C. Miller, President. E. McK. Goodwin, Secretary ex officio. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. A. C. Miller, Chairman. M. H. Holt, M. F. Morphew. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. SUPERINTENDENT : E. McK. Goodwin, M. A. Mrs. L. A. Winston, Lady Principal. TEACHERS. MANUAL DEPARTMENT: David R. Tilling hast, Miss Carrie A. Haynes, O. A. Betts, John C. Miller, H. McP. Hofsteater, Miss Olivia B. Grimes, Robert C. Miller. oral department : MBS. Anna C. Hurd, Chief Instructor. Edwin G. Hurd, A. M., Miss Fannie Thompson, Edward F. Mumford. M. A., Miss Mabel L. IIaynes. Miss IIekmine Haupt, Miss Nettie Mc Damii.. Miss Jessie Ball, Miss Eugenia Welsh. Miss Robbie Tuxinghast, Miss Luctle Cgopeb, Miss Lii.a Carpenter, Miss Carrie STINSON. TEACHER OF FREEHAND DRAWING : Mrs. S. C Betts. STENOGRAPHER AND TYPEWRITER: J. R. Clodfelter. INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT. TEACHER OF SEWING AND DRESSMAKING : Miss Ida Bell. TEACHER OF COOKING: Miss Agnes Hunsicker. SUPERVISOR OF FARM: Oscar E. McBrayer. EXPERT PRINTER: EXPERT CARPENTER: H. McP. Hofsteater. Marion J. Green. EXPERT SHOE-MAKER: EXPERT IN LAIN DRY: W. A. Townsend. Mrs. Lizzie York. DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT. , George L. Phifer, Steward. Mrs. Mary B. Malone, Matron. George H. Moran, M. D., Attending Physician. supervisors of girls: supervisors of boys: Miss Kate Walton, Charles Ramsey, Miss Aiddie Partin. Miss Emma Kelly, engineer: Lloyd W. Rhyne. PEESIDEXT'S REPORT. To His Excellency, Chakles B. Aycock, Governor of North Carolina. Sir:—The Board of Directors of the Forth Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb have the honor to submit this their seventh biennial report. Your Excellency, no doubt, is aware that the law of which this school is an expression, was placed on the statute books less than fourteen years ago. The Legislature of 1891 realiz-ing that the best results in the training of the deaf could not be attained in the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind at Raleigh, for obvious reasons, passed a law to establish a separate school for the deaf, and promptly ac-cepted the generous offer of the city of Morganton, of site and money. That body proceeded to select as its Board of Directors, M. L. Reed, of Buncombe; X. B. Broughton, of Wake ; M. H. Holt, of Guilford ; R. A. Grier, of Mecklen-burg; B. E. Aycock, of Wayne; S. McD. Tate, of Burke, and J. J. Long, of Columbus. This Board met and organ-ized in April, 1891, electing Hon. M. L. Reed President, and M. L. Reed, N. B. Broughton and S. McD. Tate as Ex-ecutive Committee. The site for the school, one of the most 'beautiful in the State, was selected, plans were adopted, and buildings be-gun during the next year. The record of the progress of the school since its opening in October, 1894, is an open book, and we need not trace its successive and successful struggles. To each member of this Board, and their successors, Dr. P. L. Murphy appointed to succeed S. McD. Tate, resigned ; V. V. Richardson, of Columbus, to succeed J. J. Long ; A. C. G NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Miller, to succeed B. F. Aycock, resigned; Samuel Huffman and A. J. Dula, appointed by the Legislature of 1895 ; Isaac Roberts and Dr. M. F. Morphew, appointed by the Governor in 1901, to succeed A. J. Dula and J. H. Hoffman; Jacob C. Seagle, to succeed V. V. Richardson, deceased, 1902; Frank Thompson in 1903, to succeed M. L. Reed, resigned, having been elected Chairman of the Board of County Com-missioners of Buncombe County, and W. C. Dowd in 1904, to succeed Isaac Roberts, deceased, is <hic the vise plan-ning, faithful execution and unparalleled success of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. But to none is more credit due than to Hon. M. L. Reed, who was Presi-dent of the Board from the first, until his resignation in 1903, and who brought to the position rare executive ability, and a devotion to the school's welfare which was an inspira-tion to all connected with it. Of the original Board but two remain, M. II. Holt and N. B. Broughton. The whole pur-pose and effort of the Board has been directed as a unit along two well-defined lines : 1. By careful study and examination of the various meth-ods of instructing the deaf in this and other countries, to adopt what seemed best to develop the mind to give the most comprehensive grasp of language, science and mathe-matics, and to break down nature's barriers between them and their hearing brothers and sisters as far as possible, so that their association may become easy and intelligible. 2. By means of instruction in industrial lines—in print-ing, carpentry and its allied trades, agriculture, shoe-making, dress-making, cooking and other occupations, to fit these pu-pils to go out into life as independent, intelligent citizens, to add to the State's wealth and development. To develop the school along these lines, has not been an easy task. It meant buildings, equipments and teachers. The buildings are among the best for their size in this coun- FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. ( try. They are up-to-date in every particular, well-lighted, well-heated, well-ventilated, commodious, splendid in archi-tecture and arrangement. The equipments as carried out are first-class, but all needs along this line have not yet been sup-plied. In teachers we congratulate ourselves. We have man-aged to secure and retain some of the best and foremost teachers of the deaf in America. All these things cost money, and while the State has done well by the school in view of the other demands on the treasury, owing to the increased cost of living we have been handicapped in fully carrying out in a practical way the ideals of the Board. But we have "builded better than we knew," for all over this country and in Europe this school is spoken of as "one of the most progressive in America," and "one of the best in the world." We have been very fortunate in having at the head of this Institution from its founding, Superintendent E. McK. Goodwin, wise, conservative, progressive, economical, capa-ble, himself an excellent instructor of the deaf. His vigi-lance and devotion to the best interests of the deaf, his high and progressive ideals, have been large factors in the organi-zation and development of this school. We are proud of the splendid showing which is made by our farm. It is not only a source of revenue, but furnishes an extraordinary opportunity for deaf boys to become famil-iar with improved methods of farming, both as observers and helpers. In the arduous work which has been ours for over thir-teen years as a Board, we desire to thank every State and county official and citizens generally of the State, for kind words of sympathy, of appreciation, and for their cordial support and help in this work; also the press of the State for its kindly notices of our school, and their unstinted words of praise so generously bestowed. This universal sympathy, co-operation and appreciation has converted this arduous O NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL task into a labor of love. Owing to the increased cost of living, and increase in attendance, we earnestly and cor-dially ask an additional annual appropriation of $5,000 for maintenance, and a special appropriation of $5,000 for im-provements and appliances. Respectfully submitted, A. C. Miller, President Board of Directors. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. To the Honorable Board of Directors of the North Carolina ScJiool for the Deaf and Dumb: Gentlemen:—Under statutory requirements, and by your order, I have the honor to submit this my Seventh Biennial Report of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. From an examination of this report, including the several reports from subordinate officers, the condition of the school and character of its work may be judged. From our financial report it will be seen that we have lived within our appropriation, not because we did not need much more, and could have used more to a very great ad-vantage to the school, but because it was law, and under your direction we did without such things as we did not have the money to buy, and indeed many things such as other institu-tions enjoyed. "We have striven to, throw every safeguard around the school in its entirety, and we believe the object for which the school was created and established has been successfully promoted. During the biennial period just closing, we have had un-der our instruction 317 children. This may seem a large number, when compared with the number that was in the school ten years ago, yet there are a large number, who are eligible, not in school, and who _ are growing up in the most deplorable ignorance. Many of these have been offered ad-mission and a large number of them would be in school if their parents only knew of the school and the character of its work. Many good citizens of the State have no conception of the school, and what is done for the deaf. Like all spe-cialties, there must be enlightenment, and we earnestly ask the co-operation of every good citizen in the State, to help us make known, especially to parents of deaf children, the 10 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL school and the character of the work it is doing. The suc-cess of our school, at least in reaching all the class, who are entitled to its privileges, depends to a large extent, upon the co-operation we have from physicians, ministers, legisla-tors, teachers and others coining in close contact with the people. The deaf child is dependent upon the school for every phase of his life and growth, for unlike his hearing hrother or lister, who gathers knowledge from contact with others, he must have it given to him by a teacher specially qualified until he has at least a primary education. The deaf child is shut up, unable to ask questions, or tell his thoughts, until he comes under the training of a teacher, who studies his condition and peculiar needs. NOT AN ASYLUM. The primary object of the establishment of the institution was the education of the deaf and dumb, and if we fall short of that one object then the school is a failure. The course of study covers the branches required by law in our public schools, and this is about what is done in the leading schools of similar character in America to-day. We have prepared several young men for college, who entered on good standing, and ranked among the best stu-dents in Gallaudet College from the leading schools of the country. At the close of the session of 190-'> certificates of gradua-tion were granted to Odie W. Underbill and Andrew C. .Mil-ler. The Board of Directors also granted certificates to all pupils who had completed the course of study since the school opened, as follow^ : Matthew T. Jenkins, 1895; Robert S. Taylor, 1896; Hugh Miller, 1S98 ; Robert C. Miller, 1899, and William H. Chambers, 1899; Maggie LeGrande and James M. Rob-ertson, 1902. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 11 METHODS OF INSTRUCTION, "We have endeavored to keep abreast of the best schools in the art of instruction, and we belong to the class of schools known in the profession as "Combined System" Schools, because we use the two methods, adopting the one best suited to the individual cases. Both departments cover the same course of study, but tho5e in the oral department are taught speech and by speech, and the ones taught manually acquire written language only. It is estimated that more than ninety per cent, of the deaf being taught to-day are in the combined system schools. From the following report of Mrs. Anna C. Hurd, Chief Instructor of the Oral Department, you may see a more de-tailed account of the work done in the oral department : MRS. HURDS REPORT. To E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb : Dear Sir:—There are present in the Oral Department of the School one hundred and twenty-eight pupils, forming twelve classes, taught by twelve teachers under my direction and supervision. Of this number seventy-five are totally and congenitally deaf, twenty-one have a slight degree of hearing, varying from merely perception of sound to the abil-ity, in some cases, to distinguish a few words; eight became totally deaf under the age of three years; five became totally deaf between the ages of six and twelve years, and nineteen are semi-deaf and semi-mute. Since my last report to you, December 1, 1902, twenty-one pupils present at that date have left school. Three of these pupils, while not regarded as graduates, had been with us the usual number of years and were not re-admitted. Nine of the others were either semi-deaf, or had become deaf after acquiring some education, and had received all the benefit from our school that it was thought practicable. One of these is now pursuing a higher course of study in a school for hearing children. In several instances, pupils of this kind while with us. acquired ability to read speech, which will be of value to them. One of the whole number mentioned moved from the state; one was sent home owing to eye trouble; two grown pupils were kept at home to work, and six small children have been detained for one reason and another. 12 north carouxa school Probably these will re-enter during the next year or two to find that they have lost their grade and will be discouraged and handicapped. Parents make a grave mistake in allowing trilling obstacles to prevent a child continuing in school after once entering, and a child should not be withheld from entering beyond the age of eight or ten years. During the past two years, we have transferred four pupils to the Manual Department, and this year twenty-five out of twenty-nine new pupils admitted to the school, have been placed under oral instruction. Two beginning classes have been formed. One, composed of the youngest pupil-, will receive systematic kindergarten work, preparatory to and in connection with the development of voice and speech, under Miss Carpenter, a trained kindergarten teacher, who came to lis this year from the Michigan State School. The otherT a class of twelve pupils, constitutes our regular first grade, taught by Miss Ball, a teacher of ability and experience, who comes to us from the Detroit Day Schools. We have two other teachers, who are with us this year for the first time. Miss Haupt comes after several years successful experience in the Kentucky and Colorado Schools, broadened by travel in Germany, and visits to the schools of that country, and Miss Cooper, from the Kentucky School and trained at the Pennsylvania School, Mt. Airy, Philadelphia. These ladies take the places of Miss F. Bell, who was appointed last year on the resignation of Miss Fleming, who married; of Miss King, who left us to go to the Pennsylvania School, of Miss Flagg, who went to Hartford, and the one additional teacher required by the large num-ber cf new pupils admitted to the department. Miss Stinson, who taught here for several years before going west, returns as a substitute for Miss Jones, who was detained at home, temporarily. The depart-ment is thoroughly organized and the classes are well graded. The grades and teachers are as follows: Primary Classes. Kindergarten, 13 pupils, Miss Carpenter; First Grade, 12 pupils, Miss Bali; Second Grade, 11 pupils, Miss Stinson; Third Grade, 10 pupils, Miss M. Haynes. Intermediate Classes. Special B, 10 pupils, Miss R. Tillinghast; Special C, 12 pupils, Miss Thompson; Fourth Grade, 10 pupils, Miss Cooper; Fifth Grade, 10 pupils. Miss McDaniel. Advanced Classes. Special, 10 pupils: Sixth Grade, 10 pupils; Eighth Grade, 10 pupils; Tenth Grade, 10 pupils: rotating to Mr. Hurd, Miss Welsh, Mr. Mum-ford, Miss Haupt. The term "Special" applies to classes, the members of which cannot FOE, THE DEAF AND DUMB. 13 take the work in any regular grade and much individual work must be done in such cases. The Primary Classes are taught Speech, Speech-Reading, and Lan-guage, oral and written. The Intermediate Classes continue and enlarge this work, together with number work, Arithmetic, Nature Lessons, and Reading. The advanced classes study the branches taught in our common schools, namely: Language and Composition, Information Lessons, Grammar, Arithmetic, United States History, English History, Geography, Physical Geography, Physiology, Experiments in Natural Philosophy, and Read-ing. Recitations in all these branches are conducted orally—the pupils speaking and reading the speech of the teacher and of one another. I want to call your attention to the good results from reading by our pupils. We have been careful to select books of interest, though written in a simple style, and you have provided us generously with material of this kind. Each teacher above the third grade devotes a portion of the time in school to the reading of these books with the class, arousing interest and giving help over the difficulties in English Construction. There is nothing that we can do for our deaf boys and girls that will afford them more pleasure and profit than to give them the love and appreciation of good literature. Tastes and habits formed now will continue through life. It is sad to see adult deaf care little or nothing for good reading and depend for their knowledge of life and events upon gossip. The plan inaugurated two years ago of rotating classes in the ad-vanced grades is continued. The advantages for it, then, have been proven by trial. An outline of work prepared by myself is followed in all the grades. When one notes the increase in numbers and the progress of pupils taught by the oral method all over the country in schools for the deaf, we are glad that we, in North Carolina, are not distanced in this respect. There can be no question by the careful student of this subject, but that we are pursuing the right course to educate all deaf children possi-ble through this method. This is the test to be applied: Can we edu-cate advantageously? Not can we give perfect speech and ability to read perfectly the speech of others, but can we give that wdiich is suffi-cient for the education of the child to be carried on profitably by this method? We can, and do, as results show with two-thirds of the deaf pupils who enter this school. What can we do to improve the speech and speech-reading of our deaf pupils? Give them every opportunity to practice, using their speech and to read speech at home and in school. This is the great need of the oral pupils—opportunity and encouragement to use speech outside of the school-room. 14 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL The advice and assistance of a specialist of the throat, eye, and ear, is a need, the importance of which seems not to be appreciated fully, and 1 would call your attention again to this matter. Schools far behind us in many points of equipment have supplied this want. Fre-quently a slight operation and treatment would render our efforts to develop voice and speech more successful, and the eyesight of all deaf children should be carefully guarded. I had the pleasure and benefit from attending the Ninth Congress of Superintendents and Principals held in St. Louis. October 17-20. Rep-resentatives from nearly every State in the United States and several from abroad were present and a variety of subjects of interest to educa-tors of the deaf were discussed. Professor Holt, of our Board of Directors, was also present a portion of the time and reminded the members of the Congress of the Conven-tion of Instructors of the Deaf to meet with us in Morganton next sum-mer. His brief address was received enthusiastically and all superin-tendents present promised good delegations from the schools over which they have charge. I made a short visit, on my return from St. Louis, at the Illinois School for the Deaf at Jacksonville. 111., the largest school for the deaf in the United States, where I was entertained courteously and shown the work of the school by Superintendent Gillette, and the principal. Miss Morse. Visits of this sort are of great value to teachers, giving them new ideas and enabling them to keep in touch with all progressive move-ments in the education of the deaf. In the Illinois School a large per-centage of the pupils are under oral instruction, about two-thirds of the whole number. In closing my report for this eighth year, I have had charge of the Oral Department, I wish to express my appreciation of the co-operation of the teachers who have been associated with me and of their enthusi-astic and efficient work. To you, our Superintendent, and to the members of the Board of Directors of the school, I am very grateful for constant support during these years that we have been building up the oral work, and it is a great satisfaction to show the results from this work, that we now have, especially from our oldest pupils, who have received all of their educa-tion in this department. Very respectfully, Anna C. Hurd, Chief Instructor, Oral Department. November 30, 1904. "We have learned from experience that there is no more important work in a school for the deaf than the work of the primary classes, and in order to do this most effectively FOE THE DEAF AND DUMB. 15 in the manual department, by your authority four years ago, I put Mrs. L. A. Winston in charge of the primary classes as Supervising Teacher, and the work clone under her direc-tion has proven the wisdom and necessity for close supervis-ion, in order to get the best results. The work accomplished in these classes bears out our expectation. Mrs. Winston has under her direction, at present, four primary classes, taught by Miss Carrie Haynes, Miss Olivia Grimes, Mr. Robert Miller and Mr. J. C. Miller in order respectively. MRS. WINSTON'S REPORT. To E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb : Dear Sir:—Since my report to you two years ago, November 30, 1902, as Supervising Teacher of the Primary Manual Department, I have been elected Lady Principal of the school, in which office I have served only a little more than two months. Whereupon I beg leave to submit to you the following: The duties assigned me by yourself and the Executive Board were as follows: 1. Social head of the household. 2. General oversight of young ladies in "loco parentis."' 3. Suggest and help plan diversion for teachers and advanced classes of the deaf. 4. Meet visitors in absence of the Superintendent and have general care of them when entertained in the Institution. 5. Be official to the administration building in the absence of the Superintendent. 6. Preside at teachers' table. 7. Supervise in a general way the teaching of four or five manual classes. With your advice and most cordial assistance, I have endeavored to perform the requirements laid down as stated above. The work is more arduous than is possible for a casual observer to understand. It is a position, without precedent in our school's history, yet none the less important. In taking up these duties at the opening of the present school term, I spent the greater part of each morning in the school-room regrading and getting the work underway. I have pre-pared and placed in the hands of each teacher a copy of an outline of work, which each class is to pursue under my supervision during the present year. My object is that the classes shall be so systematically taught that one shall be an even, well-graded step to another. There 10 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL has been but little change, if any, in the method of work from that of last year, and the year before. Two years ago I organized the entire Primary Manual Department into a calisthenic class using our beautiful assembly hall as a gym-nasium. Being accessible to the schoolrooms, it was easy, without loss of time, to bring in the entire department, which now numbers sixty-three, for a drill not exceeding twenty minutes. This exercise is given every other day, alternating with the drawing period. I have persisted in these exercises for I have observed that, aside from the physical help obtained, when a pupil becomes observing and accurate in his gymnastics, he likewise becomes so in other lines of work. I have recently introduced into this exercise three new features, namely: Tin- wand, or poles, the rings, and a breathing exercise. In pursuance of my new duties, I have planned a series of entertain-ments for the pupils. These in no way conflict with the monthly "play nights," which you planned years ago, and which are such a delight to the pupils of all grades. I find that to invite the entire school of two hundred and forty pupils to a party would be an "unwieldy" thing to handle when the object is to impress the pupil with certain social feat-ures of the outside world. I therefore planned to give them a birthday party every two months. The invitations to be confined to those whose birthdays occurred during these months, embracing one of the vacation months, thus each pupil would have a birthday party during the school term. The first of the series occurred the evening of November 12th. My new position has brought me in touch with almost every part of the domestic department. The wear and tear of ten years' use has rendered the renewal of some things about the building important. Some work in the way of alteration, repair and the utilization of what we have, has been done. It is a well-known fact that after a child has reached a certain age, thorough intellectual instruction is often exceedingly difficult. There has always been in our school just such a class, whose parents owing to indifference or ignorance, have not allowed th.em to enter at the proper age. Therefore, with your permission. I would submit for yours and the honorable Board's consideration that such class of pupils be allowed more time in the industrial department. It has always been your policy to have a graded plan of instruction in the industrial as well as in the intellectual department of the school, hence the benefit to such pupils. I desire to express my sincere appreciation to you and to the house-hold, who have rendered me effective and cordial assistance and made it possible for me to do what I have done. I am very respectfully, L. A. Winston. November 30, 1904. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 17 The remaining classes in the Manual Department are taught by Mr. O. A. Betts, having language and composi-tion ; Mr. H. McP. Hofsteater, geography and history, and Mr. D. R. Tillinghast, arithmetic, rotating for the periods of the several studies. Many of the leading schools have adopted this method and it meets with cordial approval, after fair trials. DEPARTMENT OF FREEHAND DRAWING. It is our purpose to give every child who enters the school lessons in freehand drawing, not for the purpose of making artists, but for the sake of mental training. Every expe-rienced teacher will testify to the educative value of free-hand drawing properly pursued. Most schools for the deaf of to-day have such department. You will find a more de-tailed account of the work done in the department in the accompanying report of Mrs. S. F. Betts, teacher of free-hand drawing. MRS. BETTS' REPORT. To E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. Dear Sir:—We now have 152 pupils taking Freehand Drawing, which includes every class in the intermediate and primary departments, except one of the first grade. The periods of drawing are arranged to alternate with the oral and manual departments every other day. This gives each pupil from ten to twelve lessons of thirty minutes each every month. In addition to drawing from objects and nature, I use Krusi's and Prang's Practical drawing courses as supplements, which I find very suitable for our class of work. Our pupils are interested in their work, and are making very satis-factory progress. Drawing is being more and more appreciated in educational work, and I regard it of the greatest benefit to all; physically, in training the hand and eye; intellectually, in compelling correct observation; and aesthetically in the appreciation and production of beautiful forms. I believe every child, and especially those who are deaf, should be given an opportunity to learn to draw. Respectfully, Mrs. Sudie F. Betts. 18 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL INDUSTRIAL TEA I X I \< i . Within the last two decades the subject of manual and technical training has received a liberal share of profes-sional thought from educators, even by those not engaged in the branch at all, but who study it purely from a psycho-logical standpoint. It is often the case that a boy or girl, who is backward in general development may be awakened in one of the industrial departments, and often, thus awak-ened, does much better in the school proper. Manual train-ing not only stimulate-, but it cultivates perception, and the power of imitation, and develops the constructive ability in a boy, which would otherwise be dormant. Our effort has been more in the line of trades teaching than technical training, because many of our pupils are not prepared to deal with theory, but learn to do by doing, and seeing it done. The work in the various industrial depart-ments, not only serves in an educative way, but the change beqomes rest to them, therein- preparing for better study and mental growth. We have four industrial departments for the boys: wood-work, both carpentry and shop work; shoe-making, printing and type-sotting, and farming and gardening, with its con-comitant branches, that every good farmer must know. The deaf are handicapped in many occupations, but the trades taught in this school are well adapted to the deaf. Educa-tion is not to be calculated in dollars and cents only, but we must needs look at it from the standpoint of a bread winner, and give such training as will enable them to earn an honorable living. It is gratifying to the management to note that many of our pupils go out from school into posi-tions which would have never been open to them except for the special training they received here, and employers gener-ally speak well of their faithfulness. FOR THE DK.VF .VXD DUMB. 19 INDUSTRIES FOB THE <;IELS. The conditions that confront girls in the industrial world are much more circumscribed than for their brothers, and this holds good in cases of the deaf, especially, for very few places are open to the deaf girl. We teach them sewing and dress-making, cutting and fit-ting, and practical and economic cooking, and general domes-tic work—compensating for what is lost by not being under the careful mother in the preparation for domestic duties. COOKING CLASS. We think there is no more important industrial training than in this department, for whether the girl has to cook or not, every woman, regardless of how cultured she may be, or indeed regardless of how little culture she may have, should know something of cooking. At the close of last session Miss Sallie Hart, our former teacher of cooking, resigned to be married. To fill this va-cancy, by your authority, I tendered the place to Miss Agnes S. Hunsicker, a graduate of Drexel Institute, of Philadel-phia, who comes well recommended. A class of eight or ten girls go to the school kitchen six days in the week, and cook such articles of food as are put on the bill of fare by the matron for that day. We do not teach the science of kitchen chemistry, for the girls are not sufficiently advanced to take it, but we do endeavor to teach the practical part of the art of cooking, having in view wholesome food and an economic use of materials furnished. SEWIXG DEPARTMENT. Every girl, rich or poor, should learn to sew, and indeed to make any garment that her station would enable her to wear, even though she had no intention of earning a living with her needle. It is the aim of our teacher to prepare every 20 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL girl in this department to make any garment worn by her sex, neatly and economically, in keeping with the prevailing style and fashion. At the close of last session Miss Laura Baucom resigned to be married, and Miss Ida Bell, of Charlotte, was elected to fill the vacancy. She came to us well recommended and has entered upon her duties in a way that bespeaks Buccess. WOOD-WORKING FOR BOYS. More than a year ago Mr. Charles F. Brown resigned his position as teacher of wood-working to take position in a private manufacturing establishment, and Mr. Marion J. Green, a graduate of the Agricultural and Mechanical Col-lege, who came well recommended, was elected to fill the vacancy. This, like all the other industrial departments. has a two-fold object, that of training as well as giving a trade. Many of our boys from this department are pre-pared to take paying positions as mechanics. SHOE-MAKING. There is a demand for good shoe-makers in every commu-nity, and the deaf man can fill this place quite as well as his hearing brother. Many of our boys are taught to do credita-ble work at this trade. FARMING AND GARDENING. In September, 1903, Mr. F. T. Meacham, who had been in charge of the farm for nearly five years, resigned to ac-cept the superintendency of the new State Experiment Farm at Statesville. During these years our farm was greatly im-proved and abundant crops made, and our herd of Berk-shire hogs was improved until they now compare favorably with the best herds in the State. Mr. Oscar E. McBrayer was elected to succeed Mr. FOB THE DEAF AND DUMB. 21 Meacham, and entered upon his work with industry, good judgment, and lias made fine crops. It has been my earnest desire to educate boys for the farm rather than to educate them away from the farm. Many look upon farming- as a branch of industry that any one can engage in, and have thus lowered the dignity of this honor-able calling. The deaf should be encouraged to stay on the farm. It is the best of all occupations for the average deaf man, especially in an agricultural State, where perhaps sev-enty- live per cent, of the boys come from the farm, for he can pursue his work with as little contact with the world as he could in any trade, and by industry and frugality make an independent living. We endeavor to teach the practical part of agriculture. We do not attempt the course given in agri-cultural colleges, but we give our students an opportunity to see the operations on a well-regulated farm. We raise ex-cellent crops on our farm, and though a few years ago most of our land was worn out it produces as much per acre as the best farms in the county. Besides producing a bountiful supply of fresh vegetables and small fruits, we gathered two thousand and seven hun-dred quarts of strawberries, about fourteen hundred quarts of which were preserved for use during the session of school. We harvest good crops of fine cultivated hay, which en* ables us to keep a good herd of dairy cows, from which we get a liberal supply of good, fresh milk. We harvested thirteen hundred and fifty bushels of corn, after cutting a hundred and seventeen tons of ensilage. Our sweet potato crop produced about seven hundred bushels, and we harvested three hundred and seventy-five bushels of Irish potatoes. PBINTING AND TYPESETTING. Printing and typesetting are taught, and while we do not value the trade for the possibilities in it to aid in making a living, but for the training it gives we regard it only as 'I'l NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL an aid to school work. We teach printing, do the printing of the school, publish the Deaf Carolinian, our school pa-per, which comes out weekly, and is sent to the homes of most of the children. First Lessons in Speech, by Mrs. Hurd, published by the school, and printed by the boys, is being used in most of the leading schools on the continent. "We will realize enough from sales to pay for its publication, and have the use of it in our own school. BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. The buildings, while not at all elaborate, are comfortable and convenient, with steam-heat and electric light, with our own water-works furnishing pure, fresh water in abundance. We need some repairs, for the service of a school building is severe. We are not crowded, but if all should come who have applied we could not accommodate them. If our popu-lation increases in the next decade as it has in the last, with the material wealth the State has gained, it will be only a matter of time when the demands will necessitate consider-able enlargement or the establishment of a school elsewhere. ATTENDANCE. • We have enrolled the present session 241 pupils, and dur-ing the biennial period we have had under instruction :>17 children, names of whom appear in this report. Yet there are, in all probability, at least a hundred and fifty who are strictly eligible not in school. A COMPULSORY ATTENDANCE LAW NEEDED. If it is the duty of the State to provide for the education of the deaf, it certainly has the right to require the attend-ance upon some school, for if the denf are not educated they often become charges upon the county for life. But when educated they invariably become self-supporting. 1 L Si, si i .i 1 , * £*is? . • * VS. -" t * "',* FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 2.°> HEALTH OF THE SCHOOL. We have occasion to be thankful for the continued good health of the entire membership of our large household. There has been no necessity for opening the infirmary for the girls for a period of about three years, and only one severe case of illness among the boys. Last spring we had an epidemic of measles, and though we had a hundred and seventeen cases there was not a complicated case and no serious results following. I respectfully refer you to the report of Dr. George H. Moran, attending physician : DR. MOHAN'S REPORT. E. McK. Goodwin, Esq., Superintendent School for the Deaf and Dumb. Sir:—I have the honor to say that since my report, dated November 30, 1902, the health of the school under your charge has been good. There have been very few cases of serious illness, and no deaths. During the prevalence of measles last year, we had one hundred and seventeen eases. Owing to the fact that my directions regarding treatment were faithfully carried out, and the very careful nursing the children received, there were none of the sequela which so frequently follows this disease, and all made good recoveries. There have been three cases of rheumatism, two of bronchitis, one of typhoid pneumonia, two of diarrhoea, three cases of fractured clavicle, one of radius, and some minor injuries, sprains, and cuts. Each year we have vaccinated new pupils, and have re-vaccinated all others who did not present satisfactory evidence of protection from small-pox. I have visited the school 240 times, and from time to time have inspected the buildings. I have invariably found them in good sanitary condition. I desire to express to you my sincere thanks for your cordial support, in all my efforts for the good of the sick, and to preseiwe the health of the well, and also my appreciation -of the assistance of those whose duty it is to nurse and care for the helpless. Very respectfully yours, Geo. H. Mokax, M. D.. Physician to the School, PROVISION FOR THE FEEBLE-MINDED NEEDED. We have many applications for children who are mentally deficient, either imbecile or idiotic, and not deaf. The law 24 NOKTII CAROLINA SCHOOL prohibits admission of this class, indeed, the doors of every institution in the State are closed against them. The State has provided liberally for the other, classes—the insane, the deaf and dumb, the blind, old soldiers, and inebriates, as her means would permit, but has never listened to the cry of this class—one of the most unfortunate of them all, and a class that has not contributed to their affliction. Does not the State owe it to this class to provide for them a custodial home, where they could be protected, at least, and many of them educated in the primary sense, and the condition of all ameliorated. Many ask if it will pay. No, not in dollars and cents, but human souls cannot be estimated that way. It is the duty of a Christian Commonwealth to take care of the afflicted ones, and humanity pleads for the class for which the State so far has made no provision. There are such schools or homes in nearly all of the States, and it is a char-ity that belongs to the State. KELLY LIBRABY. This library, established by the generosity and wisdom of John Kelly, who died half a century ago, contains nearly two thousand volumes. While many of these books are not well adapted for the deaf, yet, as a reference library, it is of great value to them. We have purchased about two hun-dred volumes of supplemental reading books, which are used to great advantage in cultivating the habit of reading. READING-ROOMS. We have provided reading-rooms for both the girls and the boys, and they serve the school in a most effective way. The rooms are open to the boys and girls respectively. In these rooms are placed many of the leading newspapers of the State, which are generously donated, and a number of the leading magazines, all of which are a source of pleasure £ FOE THE DEAF AND DUMB. 25 and great educational value, and withal go a long way to-ward cultivating the habit of reading. LITERARY SOCIETIES. Every veil-regulated school should have its literary socie-ties, for it fills a place that is filled by no other means. It cultivates an ease of expression with the student that can be acquired in no other way at school. If rightly conducted it requires considerable reading and study, and this proves to be of untold aid to the student. The Kelly Literary Society of this school meets regularly and has served a good purpose. They choose their own officers, but there is always an officer of the school with them, both to aid and to see that there is proper decorum. RELIGIOUS AND MORAL TRAINING. Principles of religion and morality must be instilled in the minds of the children, or in manhood and womanhood the lack of such training will be evident and their character distorted. Our school endeavors to take the place of a Chris-tian home, and to teach the principles of morality and reli-gion. Every child is taught to study and reverence the Bible, a copy of which every child has, after he has learned to read sufficiently to understand it. Every Sunday we have chapel exercises for all the chil-dren, conducted by the Superintendent and the gentlemen teachers. The pupils of the oral department assemble in the chapel every Sunday morning for religious exercises, conducted orally by Messrs. Hurd and Mumfprd. We have Sunday-school, the children being taught by their respective teachers. In the advanced classes we use the International Lesson Helps. We occasionally have ministers of the various denomina-tions preach in our chapel. A large number of our children have professed faith in Christ and have joined the denomina-tion to which their parents belong. 20 XORTII CAROLINA SCHOOL OUR CORPS OF TEACHERS. Xo school could be a success without a competent, faithful corps of teachers, and the success of no school depends more fully upon the efficiency of its teachers than a school for the deaf. We have a corps of twenty-two regular teachers in the school proper, including the chief instructors and teach-ers of drawing, every one having had special training or liberal experience. Since my report two years ago the fol-lowing changes in the corps have been made. Tn June, 1903, Miss Martha Bell, who had been with us three years, resigned to go to the Mt. Airy School of Philadelphia. Tn mid-ses-sion a year ago Miss Nannie Fleming, who had taught here nine years, resigned to be married, and Miss Frances Bell, formerly of the Florida school, was appointed to fill the va-cancy. At the close of last session Miss Sibelle King and Miss Frances Bell resigned to go to the Mt. Airy School, and Miss Helen Flagg resigned to go to the Hartford School. These places were filled by the appointment of Miss Her-mine Haupt, a teacher of successful experience, formerly of the Colorado School, and Miss Jessie Ball and Miss Lula Carpenter, both of whom had special training and experience, the one coming from the Detroit Day School, and the other from the Michigan School for the Deaf, and Miss Lucile Cooper, of Kentucky, who had received special training in the Mt. Airy School. Mrs. O. T. Hofsteater resigned and Mr. Robert C. Miller, one of our graduates, and a full gradu-ate of G-allaudet College, wTas elected to fill the vacancy, and has entered upon his duties with earnestness. The day has come when all of the leading schools require special train-ing before a teacher can claim recognition, and this demand has elevated the standard of work done very materially in all of the schools. It is expensive to train teachers, and it is usually done at the expense of the deaf child. But we are not so much annoyed in the profession to-day as we were FOE THE DEAF AND DUMB. 27 even five years ago by a class of teachers whose only claim was that they needed a place where they conld earn a living. We have a corps of teachers that any State might be proud of. PRIMARY HANDICRAFT. T have always attached great value to proper industrial training, and upon my recommendation you instructed me to employ a teacher of primary handicraft, to take up manual training of boys from ten to fourteen years of age. After diligent search, I engaged the services of Miss Annie Jar-rellj who graduated at the Normal School of the University of Georgia, who was to begin the work at the opening of the present session. But owing to unavoidable circumstances Miss Jarrell failed to come and asked to be released from the engagement. I am now endeavoring to secure the ser-vices of a competent teacher of this department. Tt will fill a long-felt need in our school and doubtless be of great value to the advanced industrial department. AMERICAN CONVENTION. The American Convention of Instructors of the Deaf is the leading organization of the profession, embracing both branches—the manual and the oral teachers. This conven-tion, in session at Buffalo, N. Y., in 1900, unanimously accepted an invitation from our Board of Directors to meet at this school at its next regular session, which would have taken place during the past summer but for the World's Fair at St. Louis, for a large number of the profession asked the postponement until 1905. We expect a very large at-tendance, delegates coining from every quarter of the United States, and a number of foreign countries will be repre-sented. It is an honor to any school and State to have this distinguished organization to meet upon its invitation, and North Carolina duly appreciates this honor, especially when 28 .NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL other States extended a similar invitation. The convention will be held during the next summer vacation. RECOMMENDATIONS. Two years ago vre asked for an increase of $7,500 annu-ally to meet the increase of attendance and the increased cost of living, together with a special appropriation of $2,500 for improvement of grounds ami roads. For the first time in our history did the Legislature fail to grant every dollar we asked, for our records had been so economical and con-servative that our requests were always regarded reasonable and just. We again ask for a special appropriation of $5,000 for better equipment of machinery and appliances, improvement of grounds and roadways, and $5,000 addi-tional annual appropriation for maintenance. This amount will keep us within the limit of the lowest per capita cost of any State institution of similar character, obtaining any-thing like similar results. BRIEF FINANCIAL REPORT. Receipts for the Biennial Period. 1902 December 1. By amount in hands of sub-treasurer $ 5.71 By amount earnings in hands of steward 2,533.17 By appropriation for maintenance 85.000.00 By appropriation, special to pay debt 5,000.00 By earnings for biennial period 7,219.84 $99,758.72 Disbursements for tiie Biennial Period. To amount warrants paid out dur-ing period $96,577.90 To amount warrants audited and not paid 3,154.32 To net balance to credit of school. 20.50 — $99,758.72 Thus it will be seen that we have lived within our means and have a net balance of $26.50 to the credit of the school. FOR THE DEAF AXD DUMB. 29 APPOINTMENT OF LADY PRINCIPAL. Upon your instructions the Superintendent has moved out of the main building into the old residence that was being renovated at the time of my last report. This change made it necessary that there should be a head in the Superin-tendent's absence, and it was but natural that both the Su-perintendent and Board should turn to Mrs. L. A. Winston to fill the responsible place, and upon his nomination the Board unanimously elected her Lady Principal. She had spent more than twelve years teaching the deaf, is thoroughly acquainted with every phase of institution life, a knowledge of which peculiar needs can be acquired only hyt careful study and long experience. All of these qualifications make her eminently capable for the duties of the new position. Being a teacher of successful experience and a lady of lib-eral culture and fine Christian character, those acquainted with her join most cordially in commending the management of the school for their wise selection. She has entered upon her new duties with the same zeal and earnestness that has always marked her work, and the same devotion which she has shown in teaching the deaf may confidently be expected of her in the carrying out of the ardu-ous duties required of her. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. The various railroads have continued their courteous and generous concessions of reduced rates to our pupils, and teachers and officers traveling in charge of them. This con-cession enables many to enjoy the privilege of the school who would otherwise be unable to do so. We gratefully acknowledge the donation of many news-papers of the State, among them a number of the leading dailies. Mr. William Wade, of Oakmont, Pa., has given books and 30 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL made donations, which kind remembrance is duly appre-ciated. The Volta Bureau has furnished from time to time valu-able professional literature, which could be procured from no other source, and we are justly indebted for the same. To ministers of the various denominations, who have from time to time preached for us, we extend our cordial thanks. To the State Superintendent, Hon. J. Y. Joyner, State Board of Public Charities, the State Board of Health, many County Superintendents, teachers, ministers, physicians and legislators who have manifested cordial interest in our work, all of which materially aid our efforts in the welfare of the deaf, and to all of these we express grateful thanks. We are most grateful to Drs. Stokes and Whitehead, of Salisbury, for service rendered gratis in a difficult surgical operation upon Walter McCormick, a deaf boy, who was entirely relieved of a serious trouble and who is to-day strong and in vigorous health. To the teachers, officers and employees of the school, who have labored faithfully to help me promote the object for which the school was created, 1 wish especially to express my sincere gratitude. In conclusion, I want to thank the Board of Directors for their courteous consideration of me, and their untiring devo-tion shown in the welfare of the school, for by their hearty co-operation and kind support, my arduous duties have been made much lighter. Respectfully submitted, Supt. of the N. C. Scliool for the Deaf and Dumb. December 1, 1904. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 31 LIST OF PUPILS. Name. Abee, Willie A . . . Abernatliy, Percy Albertson, Samuel Alderman, Linwood Aycoek. Herman . Bailey, George . . . Beaver, Everett . . Berry, Andrew . . . Benfield, Willie E Biggerstaff, Robert Biggerstaff, Kelly . Bird, Joel Bowman, Earl H. Bowman, William Brendle, Harley C Bradley, Chas. B. Brown, Charlie .. . Brown, John W. . Brown, Everett .. Brooks?, Golden ... Buckner. John . . . Butner, Samuel . . Cain, William . . Cain. Miller .... Cain, Henry .... Callahan, Edgar Callahan, Jas . . . Calhoun, Jas .. . . Calhoun, Charlie Calhoun, Benj . . Cape, Charlie . . . Chandler, J. Erwin Cook, Raymond .. Coggins, Eddie . . . Coker, Milton .... Council, Arthur . . Craven, Rassie .. . Culbreth, Stephen Males. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. . . Waightsell Abee Hickory Catawba. . . Jas. W. Abernatliy Catfish Catawba. . . Lee Albertson Sa recta . . ..... Duplin. . . Mrs. J. W. Alderman Wilmington . .. .Xew Hanover. . . B. F. Aycoek Whiteville Columbus. . . R. B. Bailey Woodleaf Rowan. . . J. P. Beaver China Grove .... Rowan. . .J. T. Berry Connelly Springs. Burke. . . R. C. Benfield Concord Cabarrus. . . A. A. Biggerstaff Ellenboro Rutherford. . . A. A. Biggerstaff Ellenboro Rutherford. . . C. A. Bird Whittier Swain. . . W. P. Bowman Mt. Bethel Alexander. . . W. P. Bowman Mt. Bethel Alexander. . . J. H. Brendle Acton Buncombe. . . C. B. Bradley Old Fort McDowell. . .Jas. S. Brown Coahoma Lenoir. . .R. L. Brown Gibson Station. .Scotland. . . E. W. Brown Mt. Bethel Alexander. . . D. I. P. Brooks Sladesville Hyde. . . Henry Buckner Silk Hope Chatham. . . H. M. Butner Burnsville Yancey. J. C. Cain Pine Hall Stokes. J. C. Cain Pine Hall Stokes. J. C. Cain Pine Hall Stokes. . .Cleveland. . . Cleveland. .Guilford. . Guilford. .Guilford. .Alamance. . . Jas. L. Callahan Henrietta . . . . Jas. L. Callahan Henrietta . . . . J. P. Calhoun Summerfield . . J. P. Calhoun Summerfield . . J. P. Calhoun Summerfield . . Harriet Cape Graham . . . . .J. W. Chandler McAdenville . . .Gaston. . . Mrs. T. H. Cook Salisbury Rowan. . . J. R. Coggins Richmond Chatham. . . Mrs. Mary Coker Aaron Wayne. . . J. H. Council Raleigh Wake. . . W. S. Craven Moffitt Randolph. . . W. D. Culbreth Favetteville .... Cumberland. 32 XOETII CAROLINA SCHOOL MALES — Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Dail, Edward Mrs. C. Dail Seven Springs . . Wayne. Davis, George Walter C. Davis High Point Guilford. Doroughty. Pleasant Matilda Doroughty Cray Beal Ashe. Downey, Oliver L. P. Downey Forest City .... Rutherford. Durham, Grover W. J. Durham Poscoe Chatham. Durham, Oscar W. J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. Edwards, Leon Ed. J. Edwards Edwards Beaufort. Edwards. Sinclaire L. C. Edwards Relief Mitchell. Edmondson, Jerome F. M. Edmondson Conoho Martin. Edmondson. Linwood F. M. Edmondson Conoho Martin. Enloe, Bert M. B. Enloe Ocona Lufty .... Swain. Eubanks, Golden Mrs. J. H. Petitt Henrietta Cleveland. Everett, Simon D Mrs. Henry Everett Robertsonville . .Martin. Falls, Clifton Andrew Falls Charlotte Mecklenburg. Farrior, Jonathan J. D. Farrior Wilson Wilson. Fillyaw, Marion H. M. Fillvaw Dial Cumberland. Fowler, John Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Fowler, Homer Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Fox, Thomas Dr. L. M. Fox Ramseur Randolph. Franklin, Parker S. T. Franklin Montezuma Mitchell. Fryar, Walter Louis Fryar Wilmington . . . .New Hanover. Garland, William G. Garland Magnetic City . .Mitchell. Gibbs, J. Nelson Joseph P. Gibbs Burnsville Yancey. Green, Weston J. A. Green Waynesville .... Haywood. Green, Noah Joseph Green Bakersville . . . .Mitchell. Guire, Oscar 0. D. Guire Asheville Buncombe. Haire, Bert W. S. Haire Jefferson Ashe. Harris, David David Swindell Oriental Pamlico. Hamlet, Oscar A. A. Hamlet Asheville Buncombe. Hackney, William Rev. J. D. Hackney Franklinville . . . Randolph. Hartsell, Alonzo Mrs. Mary Hartsell Georgeville Cabarrus. Hendley, John J. A. Hendley Cedar Hill Anson. Henderson, Ross C. P. Henderson Holton Mecklenburg. Herndon. Geo J. F. Herndon King's Mountain. Cleveland. Hendrix. Grover S. Hendrix Darby Wilkes. Hopkins, John J. R. Hopkins Skinnersville . . . Washington. Hosley, Cephus Joseph Hosley Hickory Catawba. Hutchins, Wesley William Hutchens Vadkinville .... Yadkin. Hunter, Oscar W. G. Hunter Xebo McDowell. Hyman, Clifton Mrs. H. B. Hyman Whitakers Edgecombe. FOB THE DEAF AND DUMB. 33 MALES — Continued. Xante. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Jarrell, Benj Benjamin L. Jarrell Asheboro Randolph. Jarrell, Henry Benjamin L. Jarrell Asheboro Randolph. Johnson, Lamont Andrew Johnson Buck Shoals .... Yadkin. Jolly, Welly K. D. N. Jolly Boiling Springs. . Cleveland. Jones, George David Jones \\ nite Plains. . . . Surry. Jones, Lewis J. M. Jones Harrellsville . . . Hertford. Jones, Melville D Y. B. Jones Henderson Vance. Jones, Charlie C. B. Jones Polksville Cleveland. Justice, Leo Mrs. Bertha Justice Wilmington . . . .New Hanover. Keziah, William Sanford Keziah Waxhaw Union. King. Leonard Mrs. M. M. King Faison Duplin. Knotts, Duke J. N. Knotts Lilesville Anson. Lambeth, Chas \V. R. Lambeth Battle Ground . . Guilford. Landers, Benj Z. B. Landers Alleghany Madison. Lane. Butler Thomas Lane Faro Wayne. Leonhardt, Carroll Mrs. R. Leonhardt Cherryville Gaston. Lindsay, Barnett Mrs. Maggie Edwards Almond Swain. Maner, Wesley B. T. Maner Lowders Stanly. McCormick, Walter W. S. McCormick Rowland Robeson. McCartney, Geo J. W. McCartney Wilmington . . . .New Hanover. McGuire, Monroe D. J. McGuire Dark Ridge .... Watauga. McKinney, James Winfield S. McKinney Mica Mitchell. Mixon, Noah B. F. Mixon Small Beaufort. Miller, Andrew A. C. Miller Shelby Cleveland. Miller, Walter F. M. Miller Waco Cleveland. Moore, Lewis H. T. Moore Williamston . . .Martin. Mozingo, Jas W. B. Mozingo Cogdell Wayne. Moser, Thos John W. Moser Burlington Alamance. Murphy, Spencer Mrs. Dorcas Murphy Wanchese Dare. Munday, Charlie R. M. Munday Denver Lincoln. Myers, John Jesse Myers Advance Davie. Myers, Thomas R. M. Myers Alexander Buncombe. Neel, Chester E. W. Neel Bizzell Wayne. Nicholson, Leslie J. T. Nicholson Hamptonville .. .Yadkin. Xoble, Hanes Colon Noble Grists Columbus. O'Neal, Adolphus Mrs. Nancy O'Neal Ocracoke Hyde. Overby, Jas J. F. Overby Nashville Nash. Overby, John F J. F. Overby Nashville Nash. Parker, Andrew E. Hardy Warsaw Duplin. Partin, George G. B. Partin Durham Durham. 3 34 XOItTH CAROLINA SCHOOL MALES — Continued. Xante. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Phillips, Willie L. A. Phillips Dewitt Henderson. Phillips, Albert E. E. Phillips Idlewild Ashe. Phillips, Vander J. W. Phillips Matthews Mecklenburg. Pierce, Daniel D. G. Pierce Pigottsville . ...Brunswick. Pike, Numer William Pike Pomona Guilford. Pool, Grover S. R. Pool Raleigh Wake. Putnam. Mallory Mrs. William Putnam G-astonia Gaston. Queen, Arthur Lee Queen Cowarts Jackson. Queen, Anzel Lee Queen Cowarta Jackson. Rash, Tyre Melton Rash Jennings Iredell. Raines, Albert W. H. Raines Goldsboro Wayne. Reece, Oliver Joseph Reece Cecil Haywood. Robertson, James J. W. Robertson Selma Johnston. Rozzell, Jefferson L. P. Rozzell Spurrier Mecklenburg. Scarborough, Jas Z. B. Scarborough Avon Dare. Shelton, Oscar W. A. Shelton Alleghany Madison. Shelton, Thomas E. R. Shelton Foust Madison. Silver, Alphonso A. B. Silver Micaville Yancey. Sizemore, Gerney E. G. Sizemore Martin Yadkin. Smith, Paul John Smith Marshall Madison. Stewart, John Mrs. J. W. Stewart Greenback Warren. Summerlin, Walter Richard Summerlin Mt. Olive Duplin. Tise, Andrew W. W. Tise Orinoco Davidson. Tittle, Frank William Tittle Waynesville .... Haywood. Triplett, William L. Triplett Triplett Watauga. Tucker, Harrison C. F. Tucker Hamptonville .. .Yadkin. Vestal, Marvin John Vestal Hamptonville . . . Yadkin. Vestal, Charlie John Vestal Hamptonville . . . Yadkin. Walker, Andrew H. W. Walker Gordonton Person. Walker, Julius O. H. Walker Xorthbrook .... Lincoln. Walker, Tyre W. C. Walker Abshers Wilkes. Waldrop, Ethan Samuel Waldrop Asheville Buncombe. Waldrop, Fred Samuel Waldrop Asheville Buncombe. Weaver, Elijah Herman Weaver Lansing Ashe. West, Julian George West Kinston Lenoir. Winters, Gaither D. K. Winters Morganton Burke. Wilson, Donally W. J. Wilson Reece Watauga. Wilson, George Laura Wilson Hornet Mecklenburg. Williamson, Judson Jacob Williamson Roane's Mill .... Macon. Woodard, William Calvin Woodard Black Creek .... Wilson. FOK THE DEAF AND DUMB. 60 MALES — Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Woodell, Thomas D. D. Woodell Raleigh Wake. Woodell, Robert Mrs. N. C. Woodell Buies Robeson. Wooding, Henry G. Wooding Oxford Granville. Wright, Willie P. L. Wright Gibson Richmond. York, Samuel Rev. I. I. York High Point .... Guilford. York, Willie Millard E. York Spray Rockingham. Young, John Mrs. B. F. Young South Toe Yancey. Females. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Barlow, Maude John P. Barlow Grandfather . . .Watauga. Baynard, Ada J. A. Baynard Ellenboro Rutherford. Bigham, Lillie J. H. Bigham Charlotte Mecklenburg. Biggers, Ethel E. B. Biggers Stephens Union. Bill, Dora John W. Wright Iron Hill Columbus. Blackwell, Anice E. S. Blackwell Salisbury Rowan. Brady, Emma N. E. Brady Conover Watauga. Brann, Carrie Isaac Brann Thompsonville . . Rockingham. Bradshaw, Hattie J. M. Bradshaw Cedar Cliff Alamance. Bradshaw, Mattie J. M. Bradshaw Cedar Cliff Alamance. Brady, Etta Andrew Brady Forest City Rutherford. Bright, Jamie CM. Bright Maiden Catawba. Brown, Emma R. L. Brown Gibson Scotland. Carter, Minnie J. W. Carter Buckhorn Cumberland. Chandler, Emma R. T. Chandler Virgilina, Va. . .Granville. Coltrane, Pearl W. M. Coltrane Winston Forsyth. Coleman, Day D. J. Coleman Cerro Gordo .... Columbus. Coleman, Frosty D. J. Coleman Cerro Gordo .... Columbus. Cook, Daisy Mrs. Ellen Cook Westfield Surry. Cook, Ella Henry Cook Pine Ridge Surry. Copeland, Nannie Green Copeland Fremont Wayne. Cox, Bessie H. M. Cox Buffalo Ford . . . Randolph. Dixon, Rena J. M. Dixon Gale Nash. Downey, Ola L. P. Downey Forest City .... Rutherford. Durham, Mary W. J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. Durham, Josie W. J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. Edmondson, Lucile F. M. Edmondson Conoho Martin. Ennis, Maude W. V. Ennis Buie's Creek Harnett. 36 MIRTH CAROLINA SCHOOL V E MALES—Contix C ki >. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Ezell, Ruth J. J. Ezell Charlotte Mecklenburg. Fillyaw, Jessie H. M. Fillyaw . Dial Cumberland. Fleming, Nina Nathaniel Fleming Hester Granville. Fowler, Dolly Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Fowler, Ida Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Gautier, Mary Lewis Gautier New Bern Craven. Gardner, Daisy G. W. Gardner East Durham . . . Durham. Garren, Joanna A. Garren Fruitland Henderson. Gladden. Donnie A. C. Gladden Fallston Cleveland. Grubbj Alfaretta Charles F. Grubb Salisbury Rowan. Gragg. Ida Mrs. M. Gragg Sweetwater .... Watauga. Hamilton, Irene J. A. Hamilton Bradley's Store. . Harnett. Hartsell, Daisy Mrs. Mary Hartsell Georgeville Cabarrus. Hartsell, Munny Mrs. Mary Hartsell Georgeville Cabarrus. Harwood, Glendora L. T. Harwood East Durham . . .Durham. Haywood, Virgie J. G. Haywood Waxhaw Union. Hagwood. Mary Mrs. H. C. Hagwood Raleigh Wake. Hardin, Alice T. N. Hardin Bonny Rutherford. Herring, Sarah Dr. H. C. Herring Concord Cabarrus. Hendley, Pearl John Hendley Cedar Hill Anson. Henson, Minnie J. J. Henson Sweetwater . . . .Watauga. Hilton, Eva John W. Hilton Thomasville . . . .Davidson. Hinson, Lela Mrs. G. Hinson Best on Wayne. Hollar, Bessie Alonzo Hollar < latawba Catawba. Holloman, Either J. W. Holloman Harrellsville . . .Hertford. Hopkins, Sarah J. R. Hopkins Skinnersville . . .Washington. Howard, Ruth J. A. Howard Manchester . . . .Cumberland. Hyatt, Belle W. S. Hyatt < Iherokee Swain. Icard, Lonnie J. P. Icard Saw Mill Caldwell Ingram, Maude B. H. Ingram Pekin Montgomery. Jackson, Nannie W. H. Jackson Kinston Lenoir. Jarvis, Lydia M. S. Hodges Dobson Surry. Jones, Blanche Murdock Jones Roberdell . .'.... Richmond. Jones, Aggie Murdock Jones Roberdell Richmond. Jones, Jennie Murdock Jones Roberdell Richmond. Jones, Mattie Daniel E. Jones Goldsboro Wayne. King, Maggie Mrs. M. M. King Faison Duplin. Knotts, Edna John N. Knotts Lilesville Anson. Knotts, Nettie John N. Knotts Lilesville Anson. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 37 FEMALES — Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Lang, Nannie W. M. Lang Farmville Greene. Lewis, Mollie Edward F. Lewis Raleigh Wake. Lisenberry, Susan W. W. Lisenbury Norwood Stanly. McCurry, Lola S. W. McCurry Hensley Yancey. McCullen, Fannie Mrs. Z. Morgan Goldsboro Wayne. McCall, Sarah R. A. McCall Morganton Burke. McCall, Leona J. L. McCall Tulin Cabarrus. ' McDaniel. Amanda J. A. McDaniel Grade Alexander. McKenzie, Pearl W. M. McKenzie Eagle Springs. . . Moore. Masters, Ethel W. E. Masters Asheville Buncombe. Mebane, Ethel R. J. Mebane Elon College Alamance. Mills, Julius Dr. J. C. Mills Reidsville Rockingham. Milligan, Pearl Mrs. L. Milligan Fallston Cleveland. Mitchell, Ruth W. H. Mitchell Aulander Bertie. Morris, Maude Wiley Morris Salisbury Rowan. Moore, Crissie Harvey T. Moore Williamston . . . Martin. Morrison, Sallie Mrs. Jefferson Matthews. . .Webster Jackson. Myers, Mary Mrs. Mary C. Myers Light Davidson. Newton, Leatha James W. Newton Maribel Pamlico. Newton, Elizabeth James W. Newton Maribel Pamlico. Ostwalt. Mamie F. K. Ostwalt Ostwalt Iredell. Overby, Matilda J. F. Overby Nashville Nash. Owen, Elva D. A. Owen Winton Bertie. Parker, Mittie J. P. Hardy Warsaw Duplin. Parker, Elina J. P. Hardy Warsaw Duplin. Parnell, Caroline W. F. Parnell Lumberton Robeson. Parnell, Nona W. F. Parnell Lumberton Robeson. Partin, Bettie G. B. Partin East Durham .. .Durham. Passons, Grace J. R. Passons Huntdale Yancey. Patterson, Sarah E Murdock Patterson . '. Hope Mills Cumberland. Patterson, Lena Murdock Patterson Hope Mills Cumberland. Pate, Eva L. H. Pate Kinston Lenoir. i Pike, Hazel William Pike Pomona Guilford. Pike, Emma William Pike Pomona Guilford. Pierce, Mary Franklin Pierce Colerain Bertie. Poplin, Amanda Mrs. C. Poplin Locust Stanly. Powell. Cora .. .• S. H. Powell Lenoir Caldwell. I Prevatt, Orpah Rev. F. A. Prevatt Lumberton Robeson. Ray, Rosetta A. G. Ray Pensacola Yancey. I Raynor, Ruth Isaac Jones Maple Hill Duplin. 38 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOE THE DEAF AND DUMB. FEMALES—Continued. Name Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Reece, Iona Joseph Reece Cecil Haywood. Rhodes, Cora J. H. Rhodes Linney Ashe. Riddle, Flora J. W. Riddle Edonia Cumberland. Rich, Bertha Eli Rich Baker Burke. Roberts, Eula C B. Roberts China Grove .... Cabarrus. Sanders, Dora David Sanders Capelsie Montgomery. Scarborough, Mary W. H. Scarborough Avon Dare. Scarborough, Lonnie W. H. Scarborough Avon Dare. Settle, Ardie Hampton Settle Elkin Surry. Sharp, Mamie Mrs. D. A. Starkweather. . .Greensboro Guilford. Simmons, Stella W. B. Simmons Salemburg Sampson. Smith, Merle J. G. Smith llarrisburg Cabarrus. Smith, Ella Richard M. Smith Francisco Stokes. Spivey, Rosa L. M. Spivey Lemon Springs . . Moore. Spivey, Bessie Grey Spivey Ooldsboro Wayne. Stockton, Myrtle W. C. Stockton Franklin Macon. Strickland, Daisy John Strickland Turlington Harnett. Staines, Bessie D. A. Starnes Bethel Alexander. Stout, Velna J. L. Stout Hale Mitchell. Stevens, Lula W. J. Stevens Prospect Hill . . . Caswell. Suttle, Aurelia S. R. Suttle Enola Burke. Thomas, Lillian J. B. Thomas Swan Moore. Thomas, Hattie Mrs. X. V. Thomas Thomasville . ...Davidson. Tillman, Autney W. Cole Haw River Durham. Troutman, Eva T. Troutman Statesville Iredell. Turner, Douschka Z. E. Turner Statesville Iredell. Underhill, Odie J. D. Underbill Hickory Grove. .Wake. Watts, Lizzie John L. Watts Matthews Mecklenburg. Waters, Rosa E. L. Waters Magnolia Duplin. Watson, Mildred H. L. P. Watson High Point .... Guilford. West, Mamie L. C. West Westville Harnett. West, Emma Sam West Fayetteville .... Cumberland. White, Bessie R. C. White Charlotte Mecklenburg. Winslow, Essie James V. Winslow Gliden Chowan. Woodell, Nora Mrs. N. Woodell Buie's Robeson. Wood, Sallie Mrs. L. M. Wood Stallings Franklin. York, Laura Mrs. Willis H. York Old Fort McDowell. Zachary, Ophelia Joseph Zachary Toxoway Transylvania. GENERAL INFORMATION. The North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb is purely a school for the education of the deaf, and not Bimply a custodial home, where children are to he eared for a term of years. It covers the puhlic school course. It is not a hospital where children are treated for disease, with the hope of recovering hearing. The law fixes the age of attendance, from eight years to twenty-three years, and applicants must he of .sound mind and of good moral charac-ter to he eligible. The school cannot admit and keep in school children who are feeble-minded or idiotic. Our methods are not intended for such cases, nor are we prepared to care for them. If deaf children are physi-cally strong and well developed they should enter school at eight years of age. We can accomplish much more for them, and especially is it to their advantage in speech, and ability to read speech, to enter at an early age. If parents 'are in indigent circumstances, and not able to pay traveling expenses to and from the school, their respective counties will do it upon certain affidavits being filled out and furnished to the Superintendent. We want the name of every deaf child in North Carolina, not in school, and the management most earnestly asks the aid of every good citizen in the State in obtaining the same. Address all official business matter of the school to Superintendent.
|Title||Seventh biennial report of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb|
|Publisher||Raleigh, N.C.: M.I. & J.C. Stewart, Public Printers and Binders,1896-1914.|
|Digital Characteristics-A||60 p.; 1.26 MB|
|Title Replaces||Biennial report of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb|
|Pres File Name-M||pubs_pubh_serial_ncschoolfordeafbiennial1904.pdf|
|Pres Local File Path-M||\Preservation_content\StatePubs\pubs_pubh\images_master|
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Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
State Library of North Carolina
THE SEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB,
E. M. Uzzell & Co., State Printers, Raleigh.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
A. C. Miller, N. B. Broughton,
M. H. Holt, Frank Thompson,
W. C. Dowd, M. F. Morphew,
J. C. Seagle.
OFFICERS OF THE BOAED.
A. C. Miller, President. E. McK. Goodwin, Secretary ex officio.
A. C. Miller, Chairman.
M. H. Holt, M. F. Morphew.
E. McK. Goodwin, M. A.
Mrs. L. A. Winston, Lady Principal.
TEACHERS. MANUAL DEPARTMENT:
David R. Tilling hast, Miss Carrie A. Haynes,
O. A. Betts, John C. Miller,
H. McP. Hofsteater, Miss Olivia B. Grimes,
Robert C. Miller.
oral department :
MBS. Anna C. Hurd, Chief Instructor.
Edwin G. Hurd, A. M., Miss Fannie Thompson,
Edward F. Mumford. M. A., Miss Mabel L. IIaynes.
Miss IIekmine Haupt, Miss Nettie Mc Damii..
Miss Jessie Ball, Miss Eugenia Welsh.
Miss Robbie Tuxinghast, Miss Luctle Cgopeb,
Miss Lii.a Carpenter, Miss Carrie STINSON.
TEACHER OF FREEHAND DRAWING :
Mrs. S. C Betts.
STENOGRAPHER AND TYPEWRITER:
J. R. Clodfelter.
TEACHER OF SEWING AND DRESSMAKING :
Miss Ida Bell.
TEACHER OF COOKING:
Miss Agnes Hunsicker.
SUPERVISOR OF FARM:
Oscar E. McBrayer.
EXPERT PRINTER: EXPERT CARPENTER:
H. McP. Hofsteater. Marion J. Green.
EXPERT SHOE-MAKER: EXPERT IN LAIN DRY:
W. A. Townsend. Mrs. Lizzie York.
DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT. ,
George L. Phifer, Steward.
Mrs. Mary B. Malone, Matron.
George H. Moran, M. D., Attending Physician.
supervisors of girls: supervisors of boys:
Miss Kate Walton, Charles Ramsey,
Miss Aiddie Partin. Miss Emma Kelly,
Lloyd W. Rhyne.
To His Excellency, Chakles B. Aycock,
Governor of North Carolina.
Sir:—The Board of Directors of the Forth Carolina
School for the Deaf and Dumb have the honor to submit this
their seventh biennial report.
Your Excellency, no doubt, is aware that the law of which
this school is an expression, was placed on the statute books
less than fourteen years ago. The Legislature of 1891 realiz-ing
that the best results in the training of the deaf could not
be attained in the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and
the Blind at Raleigh, for obvious reasons, passed a law to
establish a separate school for the deaf, and promptly ac-cepted
the generous offer of the city of Morganton, of site
and money. That body proceeded to select as its Board of
Directors, M. L. Reed, of Buncombe; X. B. Broughton, of
Wake ; M. H. Holt, of Guilford ; R. A. Grier, of Mecklen-burg;
B. E. Aycock, of Wayne; S. McD. Tate, of Burke,
and J. J. Long, of Columbus. This Board met and organ-ized
in April, 1891, electing Hon. M. L. Reed President,
and M. L. Reed, N. B. Broughton and S. McD. Tate as Ex-ecutive
The site for the school, one of the most 'beautiful in the
State, was selected, plans were adopted, and buildings be-gun
during the next year. The record of the progress of the
school since its opening in October, 1894, is an open book,
and we need not trace its successive and successful struggles.
To each member of this Board, and their successors, Dr.
P. L. Murphy appointed to succeed S. McD. Tate, resigned
V. V. Richardson, of Columbus, to succeed J. J. Long ; A. C.
G NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL
Miller, to succeed B. F. Aycock, resigned; Samuel Huffman
and A. J. Dula, appointed by the Legislature of 1895 ; Isaac
Roberts and Dr. M. F. Morphew, appointed by the Governor
in 1901, to succeed A. J. Dula and J. H. Hoffman; Jacob
C. Seagle, to succeed V. V. Richardson, deceased, 1902;
Frank Thompson in 1903, to succeed M. L. Reed, resigned,
having been elected Chairman of the Board of County Com-missioners
of Buncombe County, and W. C. Dowd in 1904,
to succeed Isaac Roberts, deceased, is