Eighth biennial report of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb
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Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from State Library of North Carolina http://www.archive.org/details/biennialreportoffnort BOARD OF DIRECTORS. A. C. Miller, I. P. Jeter, M. H. Holt, W. G. Lewis, W. C. Dowd, J. G. Neal, J. C. Seagle. OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. W. G. Lewis, President. E. McK. Goodwin, Secretary ex officio. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. A. C. Miller, Chairman. J. G. Neal, J- C. Seagle. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. SUPERINTENDENT: E. McK. Goodwin, M. A. principal: Tunis V. Archer, M. A. Mrs. I,. A. Winston. L,ady Principal. TEACHERS, MANUAL DEPARTMENT: John C. Mii.i.hr, ROBERT C. MlLLER, Miss Oi.ivia B. Grimes, Miss Mary MacNamar, Miss Carrie A. Haynes, Miss Nannie C. Orr, Miss M. Edna Bryan. I). R. Tii.i.in'.ii ast. Chaplain. TEACHERS, ORAL DEPARTMENT: Miss Eugenia T. Welsh, Chid Instructor. Edward F. Mumford, M. A., Mi>s K. Whitley Murphy, Miss Mabel h. Haynes, Miss Emma Sitton, Miss Fannie E. Thompson, Miss Daisy Davis, Miss Jessie Ball, Miss Mary J. GartrelLi Miss Annie McD. Ervin, Mrs. Fannie C. Smith, Miss Emma a. Dobbins, Miss E. Ethele Richards. INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT. TEACHER OF SEWING AND DRESS-MAKING: Miss Ida BELL. ti \ciii:k ok COOKING: Miss Jru \ POTTS. Oscar E. McBrayer, Fanner. KXPERT PRINTER: EXPERT SHOE-MAKER W. B. Tarkinton. W. A. Townsend. EXPERT IN laundry: Mrs. IvizziE York. DOMEST I C DEPART M I • XT . George L. Phifer, Steward. Mrs. Mary B. Malone, Matron. J. R. Anderson, M. I)., Attending Physician. SUPERVISORS OF GIRLS: SUPERVISORS OF BOYS: Miss Kate Walton, . otto Meuneir, Miss Ida PrEVATT. MlSS Mary YounT. ENGINEER: Li.oyh W. Rhyne. PRESIDENT'S REPORT. To His Excellency, R. B. Glenn, Governor of North Carolina. Sir:—The Board of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb have the honor to submit this, their Eighth Biennial Report. During the past two years the work of the Institution has been, in many respects, more satisfactory than ever before. The Superintendent and his efficient corps of officers, teachers and employees have discharged their duties in such way as to meet our cordial approval. A visit to the School will satisfy any one that the work of instruction is being most wisely, faithfully and successfully carried on. The report of the Superintendent will show those who have not had an opportunity of witnessing for them-selves, what is being done. Since our last report the Convention of American Instruc-tors of the Deaf met at our School, and about three hundred men and women engaged in this work from almost every State and from Canada, were present. I was gratified, after talk-ing with those people, to learn that our State has provided more ample accommodations for her children, who are deprived of part of their senses, than main- other States. It was ac-knowledged by these learned educators that North Carolina has kept pace with her sister States, indeed, leading many of them . Our School belongs to that class of schools known in the profession as "combined schools." We have two methods of instructing the deaf, and assign children to the department best adapted to their particular case. Those whom we have reason to believe can acquire speech and speech-reading, we 6 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL assign to the Oral Department, and the others, after fair tests, to the Manual or Sign Department. Both departments have the same object in view—to educate every child to a degree that will best aid him in the ordinary paths of life, not simply to l»e able to earn a livelihood, but to live and to be happy. In many States there is a compulsory education law, requir-ing parents of deaf children to send them to school a certain number of years between certain ages. We have reached the conclusion that our own State should have such a law, compell-ing tlie attendance of deaf children upon this School. We find in almost every county of North Carolina adult deaf-mutes not only uneducated, but in the most pitiable ignorance; yet many of them could have been admitted had they applied during their school age. We call the attention of Your Excellency to the report of Superintendent Goodwin on this subject. By referring to the report of the Steward, you will see that at the close of the year, November 30, 1906, we are in debt $2,767.60. Hut when you consider the high prices paid now for every article used for the support of the School, it will be seen that the management of the Institution's finances is in capable hands: and, compared with the per capita cost of other like institutions during same two years, we do not hesi-tate to say our management is very economical. The growth of the School increases the needs and also expenses of same. We would therefore recommend an in-crease in our annual appropriation. The Directors after a very careful consideration beg to ask for the following appropriation: Annual appropriation for maintenance $47,500 For Electric Light Plant 1,200 For Improving Roads and Grounds 3,000 For Cementing the Basement 1,000 Should the Legislature enact a law compelling the deaf FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 7 children of the State to attend this School, we would then ask that an appropriation of $25,000 be given for an additional building. We hope to make the School the pride of the State; not merely as an ornament, but an institution of learning, pre-paring an unfortunate but extremely interesting portion of the vState's children for useful and intelligent citizenship. Respectfully submitted, W. G. Lewis, Pres. of Board of Directors. Morganton, N. C, Dec. 4, 1906. NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT'S RE P< )RT. To the Honorable Hoard of Directors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. Gentlemen:—In compliance with the statute creating' and establishing' the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb. I have the honor to submit herewith for your consideration the Eighth Biennial Report, for the period ending November 30, 1906. I submit herewith reports from Prof. T. V. Archer, Principal Educational Department; Mrs. Laura A. Winston, Lady Prin-cipal, and Geo. L. Phifer, Steward. Upon examination of the report you may judge of the char-acter of the work accomplished, and the plans for the further development, promotion and advancement of the .School in its highest aim. From our financial report it will be seen that we were not able to live within our means without impairing the best interest of the deaf children of our State, and conduct the School on the high plane which it has always maintained. It will be seen that we owe S2,767.6(). But when prices of all commodities, wares and services are compared with costs of same two years ago, it will be understood that there was an absolute necessity for such debt. During this period we have had 312 children under instruc-tion, the largest number at any time being 243. and have en-rolled 225 the present session. There are doubtless more than four hundred deaf children of school age in the State who are eligible. Some are kept out for the value of their labor, while many others are kept out on account of filial love and sympathy, the parents not realizing what can be accomplished in the way FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 9 of education and training, leaving many to grow up to man-hood and womanhood in most deplorable ignorance. Many of these parents would send their children if they were encour-aged by ministers, doctors, legislators and educators, whose cooperation we most earnestly ask. We have reached many children through the kindness of friends, who manifested in-terest in the School. Different from any other class, the deaf have only one school in the State. If they are not sent here they will grow up in ignorance. Their training—physical, mental and moral, in every particular—depends upon this School. ENROLLMENT. While we have reached 225, it is to be deplored that many have not availed themselves of the privileges afforded by the School, for there are many who are growing up without any education; yes, without even knowing their own names. Most of these children live in remote parts of the State, in the rural districts, many parents not knowing the conditions under which the School is run. Many have applied and have been offered admission, and offered every inducement within the limit of the statute. COMPULSORV ATTENDANCE LAW NEEDED. There should be a law requiring every deaf child to attend some school for sufficient time to learn to read and write. Nothing less will make the deaf man a competent citizen. The law governing the School prescribes the course of study as laid down for the public schools of the State. The brighter and stronger of the children can take the course, but many do not remain to complete it, having to go into some kind of work for their own support, or that of their parents. Many of the young men and young women who have been students in this vSchool are now earning a good living in various occupations, 10 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL which they could not have followed but for the training received here. Some have completed our course and afterwards entered the National College in Washington, where they graduated with honor and are now filling responsible positions. In May, 1905, Miss Mittie Hussy Parker of the Manual Department, completed our course of study and was granted a certificate, and passed entrance examination to Oallaudet College; and in May, 1906, Miss Emma Lovinia Pike, Miss Yirgie Anna Haywood and Mr. George Hubbard Bailey com-pleted our course, received certificates, and passed examination to enter Oallaudet College. All are now pursuing creditably the College course. CORPS OF TEACHERS. This School has made comparatively few changes since it opened in 1894, and has kept up a high standard of work. At the close of last session Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Hurd, who had been with us for eleven years, Mrs. Hurd being Chief Instructor, tendered their resignations, Mr. Hurd having been elected Superintendent of the Rhode Island School for the Deaf. Miss Nettie McDaniel, who had been with us seven years, resigned to become Chief Instructor of the Oral Depart-ment of the Virginia Institution. Mr. and Mrs. Betts resigned to go into private business. Mr. H. McP. Hofsteater, Misses Cooper, Tillinghast and Stinson resigned to teach elsewhere. Mr. D. R. Tillinghast, who had been teaching continuously for forty-three years, was relieved of class-room work, and was elected Chaplain of the School. PRINCIPAL OP EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. Prof. Tunis V. Archer, who for several years was Chief Instructor of the oral work in the Indiana School, was elected Principal of the Educational Department. This will enable FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 1 1 us to do much closer supervision of the detail of the School work and secure better grading, and more thoroughly covering the course of study prescribed. MR. ARCHER'S REPORT. To E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb: Sir:—Having assumed the position of Principal of the Educational Department of this School less than three months ago, it is evident that a report made at this time cannot deal with things that have been ac-complished, but must dwell rather upon conditions and needs. It has been a pleasure to find the physical surroundings of the School so well appointed and in such good condition. The buildings are sub-stantial, modern, well planned, and well kept. The School building is especially well adapted to its purpose. While showing necessarily the wear and tear' of an occupancy of seven years, it shows practically no wilful injury to or defacement of walls, desks, or casings. This is quite unusual, when we consider the fact that almost the entire care of the buildings devolves upon the pupils. The devices for teaching I find to be practicable, adapted to either the manual or oral method, and have led to excellent results. The standard set for both moral and intellectual attainment is high, and its approximation insisted upon. The ability of the pupils to comprehend and to use the English language is fully equal to that of any other school of similar environments with whose work I am familiar. And this, too, is the real test of the educational work of a school for the deaf. The great criterion is the pupils' ability to comprehend ami use the English language. The speech and speech-reading of the pupils I regard, too, as being as good, or better, than that found in the majority of schools using the combined system. The conditions are more favorable for the acquire-ment of practical speech and speech-reading than in most schools of this class. But, after all, the thing of greatest importance is mental development. The method that most fully accomplishes this end is the method to use. Under existing conditions I am of the opinion that a majority of our pupils can be advantageously educated by the oral method, and just in proportion as conditions become more favorable will that majority increase. Upon entering the work I considered it my first duty to acquaint myself thoroughly and in detail with conditions, methods and devices existing in the School. In educational matters desirable changes are usually accomplished better by evolution than by revolution. Hence, before attempting or even suggesting important changes one should 12 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL know not only what has been accomplished by the use of certain methods, but also what those methods are capable of being developed into. Then, and not before, may they be intelligently changed or supplemented. This School, along with a large majority of schools of this country, uses the "Combined System" of instruction. Under this system the School is divided into two departments, the Oral and the Manual. In the former there are 123 pupils, divided into twelve classes, and in the latter there are 96 pupils, comprising seven classes. Of this number nineteen have entered the School thi> year, and seventeen have returned after an absence of one or more years. Two pupils have been taken home on account of ill health, one was denied admission be-cause she was not sufficiently developed to take up the work of the School, and one because of ineligibility. All of the new pupils were placed in the Oral Department, it being the policy of the School to make an earnest effort to teach every pupil to speak and to read speech. One, however, on account of his advanced age has been transferred to the Manual Department. We are proceeding on the theory that the course of study pursued in the two departments of the School shall be the same. The only dif-ference being that in the Oral Department the work shall be given by means of speech, speech-reading, and writing, and in the Manual De-partment it shall be given by manual spelling and writing. To this end the Course of Study, prepared by Mrs. Anna C. Hurd, formerly Chief Instructor of the Oral Department of this School, has been print-ed with some modifications and a copy placed in the hands of each teacher. A series of text-books, uniform for the two departments, has been adopted. They have not as yet been introduced into all the classes, for in one or two instances it seemed that to discard books already bought and substitute a new text-book would work a hardship upon either the pupil or the School. Whenever new books have been or-dered they have been, and will continue to be, of the series adopted. One of the books, Agriculture for Beginners is so far as we know, the first of its kind to be placed in a school for the deaf. We are proud to make a beginning in this matter, for we believe that as yet little more than a beginning has been made in the education of the deaf industrial-ly; and that the next few years will see great advancement in the teach-ing of trades and industries. Xo greater benefit can be conferred upon man} of the deaf boys, coming as they do from agricultural districts, than to give them, along with the highest moral and intellectual train-ing, a love for and a knowledge of practical agriculture. A Sunday morning chapel service has been established for the pupils of the Manual Department. This corresponds in all essentials to the service that has been carried on for a number of years for the Oral Department. It is in addition to, and distinct from, the general service conducted each Sunday by the Chaplain. FOE THE DEAF A.ND DUMB. L3 During the last few years the attention of the profession has been called, more than ever before, to the great importance of having teachers well-trained for the work. Heretofore many of the young teachers seeking admission to the profession through normal classes have been poorlv prepared as to general education, and have had too low a conception of the requirements of the work. Teaching the deaf is a high art, and one not easily acquired. It is fraught with difficulties little suspected by those who have not encountered them in the school-room. It requires not only a broad general education but also highly-specialized training. Standards are being raised in many colleges and universities. The requirements for admission into our College for the Deaf at Washington have recently been raised. To keep pace with this advancement in educational matters, both general and special, we must have teachers both highly educated and trained to the highest possible degree of efficiency in this particular line of work. A large per cent of our pupils are hindered in their work by diseases. more or less acute, of the throat, nose, ears and eyes. The services of a specialist when needed would add greatly to the efficienev of the School and to the comfort of all concerned. The need of a compulsory attendance law is argued eloquently in the figures showing the number of pupils who return to school after an ab-sence of one or more years, of the still larger number whose applications have been received and favorably acted upon but who have not come, and of the yet greater number who have not even taken the trouble to applv for admission. This year there are 17 of the first class, 60 of the second and a conservative estimate would place the third at not fewer than 100. There should surely be some means provided by which these mav be reached and brought under the influence and instruction of the School. To you, Mr. Superintendent, I wish to express my appreciation of the cordial way in which I have been received and of the hearty support given the efforts to advance the interest of the Educational Department of the School. To the teachers I also owe much for the consideration the}- have shown me, a stranger, coming into their midst, and for the willingness they have shown to co-operate with any plan that promises to improve the School and make its work more efficient. Relying upon the continued support and co-operation of all concern-ed. I am, Yours very truly, Tunis V. ARCHER, Principal of the Educational Department. Morganton, X. C, November 30, 1906. Miss E. T. Welsh, who has been a teacher here since the School first opened, was elected Chief Instructor of Oral work to succeed Mrs. Hurd. Miss Welsh is thoroughly prepared. 14 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL and has had twelve years experience. We have great confi-dence in her ability to do her work well. In June, 1904, it was deemed advisable to have a Lady Prin-cipal, who would assist in the more complete supervision of the household. Mrs. Laura A. Winston was elected to fill this position, which is so important in every well-regulated school. In this position Mrs. Winston has rendered valuable service by wise, judicious efforts in questions that were reach-ed by no other officer of the School. Below is found a brief report from Mrs. Winston. MRS. WINSTON'S REPORT. To H. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent of the North Carolina School for the Deaf. Dear Sir: -Since my report to you two years ago, November M), 19<>4, my duties in the Institution, with one exception, have remained the same as were therein reported. In regard to my duties in the school-room, I will say that my work of supervising the primary classes in the Manual Department has been that of any principal in the educational work of any school throughout our profession, namely, that of preparing an outline of work adapted to the requirements of the classes under supervision and that of seeing that the outline was carried out in detail in every class. The outline I have prepared at the beginning of each year, and I have visited the classes under my supervision, spending more or less time in each room as I saw the teacher or class needed me. From my view-point I believe that there is no greater lever in a school for the deaf for thoroughness, method and good results than to have a principal who understands his business and supervises carefully. But allow me to say that no principal can become responsible for the results of his teacher's teaching—he can only point the way —direct. The teacher must be rfsponsible for results. A teacher who cannot take suggestions and work them out should be relegated to the normal school. At the opening of the present term, September 5th, I was released from school-room duties and made editor of our school paper, The Deae Carolinian. With the kind help of Mr. W. B. Tarkinton, the teacher of printing, who came to us at the opening of our School in September. I am endeavoring to make of our paper one of the best of the school ex-changes. Our effort, aside from what it is intended to bring to our pupils who print it, is to make it a source of information, along several lines, to the parents of the pupils who patronize it. Some of our FOR THE DEAF AM) DUMB. 15 teachers have most kindly lent a helping hand in contributing to its general make-up: Miss Welsh, the Chief Instructor of the Oral Depart-ment, conducts the Children's Page; Miss Grimes is giving us "Im-portant Events in North Carolina History," and Mr. Mumford is simplify-ing English History for the Intermediate Classes of our School. We shall have, from time to time, "professional" articles from our Principal, Professor Archer; from yourself, and other writers. As the months have gone by experience has taught me that there was much more involved in the duties laid down for me by yourself and the Board of Directors than was apparent at the first reading. For example, the role of ' 'in loco parentis' ' has been more or less difficult. And I found in my contact with the deaf girls that there was a much-needed work of instructing them along lines which they could not get in the school-room; therefore I planned a series of "Plain Talks" on moral and spiritual subjects, such as any mother would give her daughter. This I have carefully carried out. It only takes a moment's reflection to realize the difference between teaching a hearing child and a deaf child. The latter comes to his teacher, nine cases out of ten, without one iota of instruction in the laws that govern the trinity of his being—his mental, and moral and physical life. Referring to the spiritual work which I have tried to do among the pupils this year, Professor Archer, the Principal of the Educational De-partment, has shared the responsibility. We have alternated every Sabbath morning in giving them such lessons as we felt they could comprehend, having uppermost in thought the teaching of the saving grace of God. What fruit this will bear the future only can tell. I am glad to add, however, that more of our pupils have joined the church and expressed a desire to become Christians than ever before in the history of our School, in a given period of time. Of the material work which I have endeavored to do it is needless for me to attempt to detail. It is here and speaks for itself. It is more or less in every department of our Institution. I can no more define it than the housewife of a large home can define what she does. It is the hundred-and-one little things here and there which, continuallv looked after, keep the house and household in order. I cannot recall a single instance when I have left undone a thing anywhere which I felt might uplift and build up our School—whether in word or act, whether in suggestion to officer or teacher, or in advice to pupil; I have endeavored to do my duty as I saw it. With grateful appreciation for the co-operation of the officers of the household, and for your always kind and sympathetic assistance, I am. Respectfully yours, L. A. Winston, Lady Principal. 16 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL MORAL AND RELIGIOUS TRAINING. The deaf child, different from his hearing brother or sister, at home, must wait for his first lesson in morals and religion till he reaches school. The principles of morals and religion must be instilled in childhood, to be lasting, and the teacher of the deaf child must be responsible for it. The school for the deaf child during his school life must take the place of the Christian home. We place a copy of the Bible in every child's hands and teach them to study and reverence it. We have Sunday-school every Sunday, and have also chapel services for the children, conducted both orally and in tiie sign language. We often invite ministers of the various denominations to preach in the chapel. A number of the chil-dren have professed faith in Christ and have become Christians, joining churches with which their parents affiliate at home. PRINTING OFFICE. The trade of type-setting and printing ought to be one of the very best for the deaf; besides, it affords an opportunity as an aid to language-teaching. There are many expert deaf print-ers, who find no trouble in holding good positions, and earn good wages. In addition to teaching printing we do the printing for the vSchool and publish The Deal Carolinian, a bi-weekly paper, which gives school news as well as selected matter, together with original articles of professional interest. The object of the department is to teach printing to the boys, and keep in-terest between parents and the School. THE FEEBLE-MIXDED CLASS. We have had applications for a great many children whose trouble was not deafness, but imbecility, and some of these FOR TIIK DEAF AND DUMB. 17 have been sent to us; but under the law, as well as under the conditions, we had to return them to their homes. There is no school in this State for that class of our unfor-tunate children, and they are the most helpless; and from a humanitarian standpoint the State owes them its protection, and a chance. The State has done nobly for her deaf, her blind, and her in-sane, and is striving to do her full duty for her normal chil-dren , but thus far there has nothing been done for her feeble-minded— the imbecile, who cannot enjoy the privileges that are offered the more fortunate ones. A custodial home-school for this class should be provided. Many of them could be train-ed sufficiently to be self-supporting and self-protecting, while many others could be treated, and the suffering of whom could be ameliorated. Such class was not forgotten in our State Constitution. The State should provide for this class. OUR NEEDS. Our appropriation has not been sufficient to meet the demands. Prices of every commodity and class of service have so increased that it will require larger appropriations to meet the legitimate demands. If the means are provided we ought to have an attendance of three hundred children, which would require $55,000 for maintenance at least. It is clearly understood that the smaller the attendance the larger the per capita cost. There are many eligible children not in school. When our buildings were inspected by the State Board of Health they recommended that concrete or granolithic floors be put in basement. To do this work properly, with ducts for return condensation and covers of iron for same, it will cost $1,000. This work should be done by all means for san-itary purposes, saying nothing of the convenience and outward appearances. IS NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL We very much need roadways and grading about the premises. To do this work properly it will cost $3,000. As the vState grows in population the demands will be greater. Our accommodations were intended for two hundred and fifty pupils. We need an additional building, adapted for the care of the smaller children. This addition will cost $25,000. Our lighting plant has done excellent service for twelve years, proving itself an economical and safe system of light-ing. But the dynamos are worn, and to save embarrassment should be replaced by new ones. We should have one large generator of a late type, to secure the best and safest results. We should have an engine designed for the purpose, the direct-connected. This installation will cost 51. J' 1 ". HEALTH OF THE SCHOOL. Since our last report the health of the School has been generally good. Just after opening in September, 1905, we discovered a case of scarlet fever, but by prompt and heroic efforts it was stamped out effectively, the patient recovering in about six weeks. In January and February of the present year we had a number of cases of pneumonia to develop, twelve in all. All were complete recoveries except that of Miss Bell Hyatt, a young girl of seventeen years of age. She was deli-cate and frail at her best, and not able to resist the malady. The day school closed, Arthur Queen, seventeen years of age, of Jackson county, was struck by a moving locomotive engine as he attempted to cross the track, and while his body was not mangled, his injuries were so serious that he died within four hours. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 19 DR. ANDERSON'S REPORT. To E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb: Dear Sir:—I have the honor to submit the following: At the opening of the School all pupils were examined for evidence of infectious or contagious diseases, also for evidence of successful vaccina-tions, and those who did not show proper protection from smallpox were vaccinated. Soon after the opening of the session (1905) one case of scar-let fever developed, which was at once put in the infirmary under the care of a trained nurse and both quarantined until complete recovery of the child, when it was given an antiseptic bath and discharged. The in-firmary was thoroughly fumigated and such articles were destroyed as could be. This child recovered without any complications, and no other cases developed. Twelve cases of pneumonia developed among the chil-dren between the 13th of January and the 25th of February; of them seven were in the boys' dormitory and five in the girls'; all recovered except one, a delicate girl with double pneumonia, who died on the fif-teenth day of her illness. I have treated one fracture of the forearm and two of the. collar-bone. There were also a few cases of malaria, chills and fever, a number of severe cases of ulcerated sore-throat, and one of bronchitis, and a num-ber of lagrippe, and a few of eczema, and some skin diseases, and a few of minor ailments. I have visited the School 252 times aud inspected the buildings thoroughly from time to time, and alwaj-s found them in excellent sani-tary condition. The basement floor, however, is in bad condition, hav-ing been laid in brick, which are worn and give off dust. I would re-spectfully recommend that a cement floor be laid. I wish to say, in closing, that the children have all been most tender-ly cared for and nursed. I omitted to say that one boy was killed by accident in attempting to cross the railroad track in front of a moving train . I take this means of thanking you for your uniform kindness and courtesy to me, and for your assistance to me and my efforts in main-taining the health of the School, and also thank those whose duty it has been to look after these children. Very respectfully, James R. Anderson. REPORT OF BOARD OF HEALTH. • Board of Directors School for the Deaf and Dumb, Morganton, X. ('. Gentlemen:—We, the undersigned, a committee appointed by the State Board of Health to inspect the School under your charge, beg leave to report: 20 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL We found the Institution in excellent sanitary condition on the whole, hut we were disappointed to see that our recommendation in regard to basement floor, made in previous report, had not been carried out . This floor is of an inferior quality of brick, very irregular and liable to produce dust. We would respectfully repeat our former recommendation, that the basement floor be properly cemented. We were afforded every facility by Superintendent Goodwin. Respectfully, GEORGE C. Thomas, M.D., Richard H. Lewis, M.I).. Raleigh, X. C, Nov. 8, 19(>6. Committee. Dr. George H. Moran, who had been the attending physi-cian to the School since its foundation, died in June, 1905. Dr. Moran had rendered the School most faithful and efficient service during a period of eleven years. He was a physician of great skill, and a man of lovable Christian character. The School not only sustained a loss of a good physician, but one of its staunchest friends. All connected with the School de-plore his loss. I N DUSTRIAL T R A I N INC. Too much importance cannot be attached to industries for the deaf. The primary object of the department is training — not for the work turned out in wares or tangible things. However, to make any training effective, in a practical and applicable way, a boy must see the results of his efforts. We sacrifice theory for practice. We do not expect to turn out leaders in various industrial avenues, but to prepare those leaving us to be independent and self-supporting. But we do not rose sight of the educative value of this training in handi-crafts, Every one dependent upon his own efforts for his support should receive industrial training, regardless of the education in general he receives. We have seen people of liberal edu-cation not able to earn a livelihood. They could do nothing with their hands. The deaf, if given a fair education and FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 21 taught a trade in handicraft, can take their places with their more fortunate speaking and hearing brothers and sisters. In giving a deaf boy industrial training with a view of trades teaching, the boy's environments, as well as his peculiar needs and limitations, must be considered. I have persistently held that farming is perhaps the best vocation for the average deaf man. The conditions surrounding him on a farm save him from the sharp competition that he meets with in other kinds of work. He might supplement his farm work with shoe-making and harness-making or wood-working, between seasons of busy farm work. He can use any of these trades to supple-ment his income. The boys are taught wood-work, shoe-making, farming and gardening, printing and type-setting, while the girls are taught cooking, sewing and dress-making, and general domestic work, including ironing. PRIMARY HANDICRAFT. In September, 1905, we opened a Primary Handicraft Depart-ment, the purpose of which is to teach young children—those too young to go into the regular industrial departments. It not only cultivates the perceptive power, but it often awakes interest in a backward, undeveloped pupil, as well as creates enthusiasm in the brighter ones. We believe those going through this department will make greater proficiency in more advanced industrial training and ultimately make better me-chanics. THE SCHOOL FARM. We cultivate about one hundred and fifty acres of land, and produce good crops. We produce more feed for stock than we need for the School. The last crop year our farm yielded 250 bushels of wheat, 1,225 bushels of corn, 130 tons of fine corn ensilage, and about 22 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL one hundred tons of hay and fodder. The potato crop produced 725 bushels of sweet potatoes, and about 300 bushels of Irish potatoes. The gardens produced vegetables in season, and furnished a large supply for canning. We canned about 1 ,400 quarts of tomatoes, and 1,300 quarts of beans, all of our own production. The production of feedstuffs 'for stock enables us to feed a herd of milch cows, which furnishes a large quantity of rich, wholesome milk. Our herd of thoroughbred Berkshire hogs lias proven itself a source of income, as well as furnishing an opportunity to teach farm boys the knowledge of raising of hogs. THE AMERICAN CONVENTION. The American Convention of Instructors of the Deaf, by in-vitation of the Board of Directors, met at this School July 8 to 15, 1905. Thirty-five States were represented, and the Prov-inces of Ontario and Manitoba. Lieutenant-Governor Wins-ton delivered the address of welcome. State Superintendent J. Y. Jovner and Hon B. R. Lacy were present, and the distinguished Dr. Charles D. Mclver delivered an excellent address in his inimitable and convincing manner, which was received by our appreciative guests from a distance, with en-thusiasm and marked approval. Below we give extracts from the two leading organs publish-ed in America, giving their estimate of the Convention and the way in which the School entertained the large gatherings: [From the Amercian Annals, Published in Washington, D. C] "On the afternoon of Friday, July 7, 1905, the doors of the North Carolina School for the Deaf were thrown open to receive the first comers to the Seventeenth Meeting of the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf. Arrangements for caring for the visitors were as nearly perfect as could be. The spacious buildings of the School furnised an FOK Till': DEAF AND DUMB. 23 ample number of large, airy rooms to house every one. Excellent meals were served in the great dining-hall of the main building. "On Wednesday evening Dr. Charles Mclver, President of the North Carolina Normal and Industrial College, delivered an eloquent and interesting address. He spoke of the needs of the teaching profession, of the growth of educational work in the South, and of the nobility of the teacher's vocation. For over an hour he charmed his audience by his eloquence, wit and telling illustrations. "He was followed by Hon. B. R. Lacy, State Treasurer, who welcomed the Convention and promised that educational interests in North Carolina would receive his fullest support. "The addresses of Dr. Mclver and other visitors were pleasant and inspiring features of the meeting, and that should not be forgotten in the future. Every word which tends to make the education of the deaf part of the educational scheme of the country is helpful. ' ' But the most noteworthy feature of the Seventeenth Meeting of the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf—one that is, after all, worth more than anything else to the cause of education of the deaf—was the feeling of friendship and harmony that pervaded the atmosphere during the whole period. There were differences of opinion, it is true; they are to be desired. But the whole spirit of the meeting was for fair-ness, for sanity, and for progress. "Resolutions were adopted thanking Dr. Charles D. Mclver for his address; to the Board of Trustees of the North Carolina School for their royal welcome; to Lieutenant-Governor Winston, Hon. B. R. Lacy and Hon. J. Y. Joyner for their words of help and their interest in the educa-tion of the deaf; and to all officers and teachers of the North Carolina School for their kindness and courtesy." [From the Association Review, Published in Philadelphia.^ "The Seventeenth Convention of the American Instructors of the Deaf, held the past summer (1905) at Morganton, N. C, was, we feel safe in saying, the most successful, as it will prove the most enduringly prof-itable, of all the conventions that have been held. It was, in the first place, marked by almost perfect harmony throughout its proceedings, and this in itself augurs well for the future of the work of educating deaf children in this country. * * * It was, for the time, real school brought before the Convention, doing real school work, representative in its mat-ter, its methods, and its spirit, of work done daily throughout the term and the course of the Morganton School. It was an unusual thing to do, and few schools would care to do it, fewer possibly would be able to do it satisfactorily; hence the greater interest in it and the greater value of it for the practical lessons that it carried and enforced. "It is given to few conventions to be the epoch-makers in history, but it mav easily be believed that this one will be one of the few. There 24 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL were, to lie sure, no resolutions passed, nor was there any important action taken, but there was work done; there were standards of work estab-lished; there was a spirit of emulation aroused that counts, and will count, inevitably for all time, for progress and uplift to the work of educating deaf children throughout the land. This Convention hasshovi n in its work that speech for the deaf is practicable, and not only practi-cable as an accomplishment, but practicable even more as a medium, and as means for the attainment of the broadest and best of educational results. And that is the whole question. There is no other. And it is well that it is so. No one who saw those children at their work, anil noted their keen alertness, their reponsiveness, their quickness to follow, grasp and apply instruction, could fail t>> give due and full credit to the method, the adequacy of which was exemplified by and in it all; nor could he tail to look into the future and rejoice to see tor these children that larger measure of well-being and happiness that are their heritage because of the breadth of their education and the practical value to them and to the world of their accomplishments. The North Carolina School for the Deaf is to be congratulated, in its wise and energetic management and its efficient and earnest corps of instructors, that it was able in itself to contribute, by exhibition of the splendid work it is doing, so greatly to the success and real profitableness of the Convention. And the State of North Carolina is to be congratulated as well, in that it has such a school—a school one of the youngest in the land, yet occupying to-day, only eleven years from its establishment, a position, it is fair to say, among the foremost and best." PURPOSE OF Till': SCHOOL. We have endeavored to keep in view the primary object for which the School was created—the edncation of the deaf chil-dren of our State; and by education we do not mean education only in the general acceptation of the word, but education that makes the best citizenship and happiest homes. Too often many think that State institutions are created to furnish indi-viduals employment, with good paying positions, regardless of their qualifications or fitness for the work. The School has had under its direction more than 500 deaf children, a great majority of whom are now doing well, earn-ing their own livelihood, independent of aid from others. About half of this number have gone through the Oral Depart-ment, many of them using speech in their daily intercourse with those about them. l'OK THE DEAF AND DUMB. ()K A I. INSTRUCTION The question of oral teaching is no longer an experiment. It has been shown beyond a doubt that our course of study can be given by speech to a large number of the deaf. In May, 1906, we had three to graduate. Miss Emma Lovinia Pike, Miss Virgie Anna Haywood and Mr. George Hubbard Bailey, all of the Oral Department, who had taken their train-ing entirely under the oral method, completed the course and passed examinations to enter the National College for the Deaf. Two of these are now in college taking a very creditable stand. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. The various railways of the State have extended their court-eous and generous concession of a cent-a-mile rate to our pupils, and teachers and officers -traveling in charge of them. Were it not for this liberal concession in passenger fares, many of our pupils would not have been able to attend school. Many newspapers of the State, among them leading dailies, have been donated by the publishers, for which our thanks are gratefully extended; for every one must recognize the educa-tive value of wholesome newspapers. Were these not donated, we could not subscribe with our present means. Our thanks are due Mr. William Wade, the esteemed friend of the deaf, for his donations of books and magazines, and interest shown us in other ways. It is he who has done so much for the Deaf-Blind class throughout America. The Volta Bureau of Washington, D. C, has furnished from time to time valuable professional literature which it collects from all reliable sources; for which donations we are grate-ful. To the State Superintendent, Hon. J. Y. Joyner, the State Board of Charities, State Board of Health, many county super-intendents and school officers, teachers, ministers, physicians 26 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL and legislators who have manifested interest in us, we are gratefully indebted. We are indebted to Dr. Merri wether, of Asheville, for a difficult surgical operation upon John Young, a deaf boy, free of charge; also to the Biltmore Hospital for the care of saint-patient gratis. Dr. H. H. Briggs of Asheville has made generous concessions in work done for many of our pupils, some of which was gratis, and the vSchool acknowledges grateful thanks for same. To officers, teachers and employees who have given their cordial and helpful support and labored with me for the up-building of the School, I express my sincere gratitude. In conclusion, I beg to thank the Board of Directors for their courteous consideration of me in my arduous work, for the Superintendent's hands must be upheld by those above him as well as those under him. The success of the School, in the highest sense, depends upon the combined efforts of the Board, and every teacher, officer and employee. Nothing less will reach the highest aim. Respectfully submitted , -cC^O^r^^ Supt, of the N. C. School for the Deaf and Dumb. November 30, 1906. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 27 STEWARD'S REPORT. W. G. Lewis, President of the Board of Directors North Carolina School for the Deaf: I herewith attach my report of the financial condition of this School. The following amounts have been audited by me for two years ending November 30, 1906: Hardware, $ 1,783.04 Commissary, 17,440.67 Cows and horses, 405.75 Directors, 929.04 Employees, 13,458.30 Farm, 3,326.70 Furnishing, 6,576.45 Insurance, 405.00 Lumber, 866.64 Carpenters, 2,442.36 Machinery, 2,499.60 Officers and teachers, 36,575.19 Printing, 489.49 Stationery and books, 1,004.56 Shoe shop. 992.05 Fuel, 9,006.22 Miscellaneous, 1,483.90 Drugs, 347.78 Laundry, 231.22 Graded road, 1,695.69 Total, $101,959.65 Nov. 30, 1904, Warrants unpaid, $ 3,154.32 Nov. 30, 1906, Grand total, $105,113.97 Nov. 30, 1906, Paid by sub-treas\irer, 97,799.66 Warrants unpaid, $ 7,314.31 Deduct cash with Steward, 4,546.71 Nov. 30, 1906, Debt, $ 2,767.60 Sub-treasury Statement. 1904. dr. Appropriation for 1904-1905 Appropriation for special, ..... 1905. Jan. 9. Paid by Steward, ..... July 17. Paid by Steward, Oct. 16. Paid by Steward Nov. 8. Paid by Steward, ..... 142,500.00 5,000.00 600.00 1,000.00 1,265.98 2,430.68 28 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL 1906. Appropriation for 1905-1906, Aug. 3. Paid by Steward, . Nov. 3. Paid by Steward, . Balance on hand Nov. 30, 1904, Total receipts, ... Warrants paid by Treasurer, Cash Statement—Earnings. 1904. Nov. 30. Balance cash with Steward, Received since, . l'aid to Treasurer as above. $42,500.00 2,000.00 447.31 55.69 -"7.799.66 97,799.66 $ 3,125.13 9,165.55 S12.290.6S 7,743.97 $ 4.546.71 1906. Nov. 30. Remaining with Steward, .... Respectfully submitted, Geo. h. PHIFER, Steward. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 29 LIST OF PUPILS. Name. Alice, Lloyd Abernathy, Percy Alderman, Lin wood Allen, Sidney Aycock, Herman Barber, Hugh Bailey, George Beaver, Everett Benfield, Willie Berry, Andrew .. Biggerstaff, Robert Biggerstaff, Kelly Bird, Joel Bowman, Arthur Bowman, Earl Bradley, Charles B. Brendall, Harley C. Brown, Charlie Brown, John W. Brown, Everett... Brown, Augustus Brooks, Golden Buckner, John Butner, Samuel Cain, Miller Cain, Robert Cain, Henry Cain, William Callahan, Edgar Callahan, James Calhoun, James Calhoun, Charlie Calhoun, Benj. Cape, Charlie Chandler, Krvin Collier, Bailey Cook, Raymond Coggins, Eddie Coker, Milton Council, Arthur Mai.hs. fair>tt or Guardian. Waightsell Abee J. W. Abernathy Mrs. J. W. Alderman N. F. Allen B. F. Aycock . F. A. Barber R. B. Bailey J. P. Beaver R. C. Benfield J. T. Berry .... A. A. Biggerstaff.. A. A. Biggerstaff C. A. Bird W. P. Bowman W. P. Bowman C. B. Bradley. J. H. Brendall . Jas. S. Brown.. R. L. Brown K_ W. Brown Mrs. Victoria Price D. I. P. Brooks Henry Buckner H. M. Butner J. C. Cain J. C. Cain J. C. Cain J. C. Cain Jas. L. Callahan Jas. L. Callahan J. P. Calhoun J. P. Calhoun. J. P. Calhoun Mrs. Harriet Cape J. W. Chandler ... Emery T. Collier Mrs. T. H. Cook J. R. Coggins.. Mrs. Mary Coker .. J. H. Council. Post-office. Hickory Catawba ..... Wilmington Seaboard Fremont South Creek Woodleaf China Grove Concord. Connelly Springs Ellenboro Ellenboro Whittier Granite Falls Granite Falls ... Old Fort .... Boone Kinstou Elmore Taylorsville Tuckasiegee Sladesville Silk Hope Burnsville Pine Hall Pine Hall Pine Hall Pine Hall Henrietta. Henrietta.. Summerfield Summerfield. ... Summerfield Graham McAdenville Lasker Salisbury Richmond Aaron Raleigh ( ounfy. CatawTba. Catawba . New Hanover. Northampton. Wayne. Beaufort. Rowan. Rowan. Cabarrus. Burke. Rutherford. Rutherford . Swain. Alexander. Alexander. McDowell. Watauga . Lenoir. Scotland. Alexander. Jackson . Hyde. Chatham. Yancey. Stokes. Stokes. Stokes . Stokes. Cleveland. Cleveland. Guilford. Guilford. Guilford. Alamance. Gaston. Northampton. Rowan. Chatham. Wayne. Wake. 30 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Name. Costlier, Tom Craven, Rassie Culhreth, Julius Culbreth, Stephen Dail, Edward Davis, George .. Dougherty, Pleasant Downey, Oliver . Edwards, Leon Edmondson, L/inwood Edmondson, Jerome Enloe, Bert Eubanks, Golden Everett, Simon D Falls, Clifton Farrior, Jonathan Fillyaw, Marion Fowler, John Fowler, Homer Fox, Thomas Franklin, Parker Fryar, Walter Furr, Elridge Garland, William. Gibbs, J. Nelson Green, Weston Green, Noah Guire, Oscar Haire, Bert Harris, David Hartsell, Alonzo Heudley, John Henderson, Ross Hendrix, Grover Holloman, Either Hopkins, John Hopkins, Henry Hunter, Oscar Hvman, Clifton MAI/ES—Continued. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Mrs. Alice Costner Bessemer City Gaston. W. S. Craven Ramseur Randolph. Thos. Culbreth Raeford Cumberland. W. D. Culbreth Fayetteville Cumberland. Mrs. C. Dail Seven Springs Wayne. Walter C. Davis High Point Guilford. Matilda Dougherty Gray Beal Ashe. Mrs. Dora Wyatt .. Forest City Rutherford. Ed. J. Edwards Edwards Beaufort. 1'. M. Edmondson Conoho' Martin. F. M. Edmondson Conoho Martin. M. B. Enloe Oconalufty .. Swain. Mrs. J. H. Petitt Henrietta Cleveland. Mrs. Henry Everett Robersonville. Martin. J. W. Smith Charlotte Mecklenburg. J. D. Farrior Wilson Wilson. H. M. Fillyaw Fayetteville Cumberland. Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Manuel Fowler Tabor Columbus. Dr. L. M. Fox Asheboro.. Randolph. S. T. Franklin Montezuma Mitchell. Louis Fryar Wilmington New Hanover. Mrs. Nancy Furr Albemarle Stanly. G.Garland Magnetic City Mitchell. Joseph P. Gibbs Burnsville Yancey. J.A.Green Waynesville Haywood. Joseph Green Bakersville Mitchell. O. D. Guire Asheville.. Buncombe. W. S. Haire Jefferson ...Ashe. David Swindell Oriental Pamlico. Mrs. Mary Hartsell Georgeville Cabarrus. J. A. Hendley Cedar Hill Anson. C. P. Henderson Croft . Mecklenburg. S. Hendrix.. Darby Wilkes. J. W. Holloman Harrellsville Hertford. J. R. Hopkins Skinnersville ... Washington. J. R. Hopkins Skinnersville Washington. W. G. Hunter Nebo McDowell. Mrs. H. B. Hvman Whitakers Edgecombe. FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 31 MALES -Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Jenkins, Halcie N. W. Jenkins Shepherds Iredell. Jenkins, Dewey Mrs. Lizzie Jenkins Nelson Caldwell. Johnson, Lamont Andrew Johnson Buck Shoals .... Yadkin. Johnson, Leslie Mrs. Eliza Johnson Kinston Lenoir. Jolly, Welly K. D. N. Jolly Boiling Springs Cleveland. Jones, George .... ...David Jones White Plains Surry. Jones, M. Dorsey Y. B. Jones Henderson Vance. Jones, Charlie C. B. Jones Lattimore Cleveland. Justice, Leo Mrs. Bertha Herring Wilmington New Hanover. Keziah, William Sanford Keziah ...Waxhaw Union. King, Leonard Mrs. M. M. King Faison Duplin. Knotts, Duke J. N. Knotts Lilesville. Anson. Knotts, Charlie. J. N. Knotts Lilesville... Anson. Lambeth, Chas W. R. Lambeth Battle Ground Guilford. Landers, Benj Z. B. Landers Allegheny Madison. Lane, Butler Thomas Lane Faro Wayne. Leonhardt, Carroll Mrs. R. Leonhardt Cherryville..., Gaston. Lewis, Fred Thompson Geo. T. Lewis Biscoe Montgomery. Lindsay, Barnett Mrs. Maggie Edwards Almond Swain. Lowery, Willie . C. N. Lowery Proximity Guilford. McCartney, George.. J. W. McCartney Wilmington New Hanover. McCormick, Walter W. S. McCormick Rowland Robeson. McKinney, James Winfield S. MKinney Mica Mitchell. McMahan, Elsom Marion McMahan Democrat Buncombe. Maner, Wesley B. T. Moner Lowders Stanly. Mills, Julius Dr. J. C. Mills ... ..... Reidsville Rockingham. Miller, Walter ....... . F. M.Miller... Waco Cleveland. Millard, Mcjoel John H. Millard ... Mt. Olive Duplin. Mixon, Noah.. B. F. Mixon Aurora Beaufort. Moore, Jabes B.M.Moore Marshville ..... Union. Moser, Thomas Mrs. Ollie Moser Burlington Alamance. Mozingo, James W. B. Mozingo Cogdell Wayne. Munday, Charlie R. M Munday Denver ...Lincoln. Myers, John Jesse Myers Advance Davie. Neel, Chester.. E. W. Neel . Bizzell Wayne. Nicholson, Leslie.. . J. T. Nicholson. Hamptonville Yadkin. O'Neal, Adolphus Mrs. Nancy O'Neal Ocracoke Hyde. O'Neal, Millard Mrs. Nancy O'Neal Ocracoke ..Hyde. Overby, James J. F. Overby Spring Hope Nash. Overby, J. Fleetwood.. J. F. Overby .Spring Hope ...Nash. 32 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL MALES—Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Parker, Andrew E. Hardy.. Parti n, George G. B. Parti n Phillips, Vander J. W. Phillips Phillips, Albert. E. E. Phillips Phillips, Zollie S. A. Phillips Pike, Numer William Pike Pierce, Bascom D. G. Pierce Plonk, Beverly F J. C. Plonk. Plonk, Ellis Craig J. C. Plonk Putnam, Mallory Mrs. Win. Putnam Queen, Arthur Queen, Anzel Rash, Tyre. Reece, Oliver Rozzell, Jefferson Lee Queen Lee Queen Milton Rash Joseph Reece L. P. Rozzell Post-office. Warsaw- Durham Matthews Idlewild Idlewild Greensboro . Shallotte Dallas Dallas Gastonia Cowarts Cowarts Roby Cecil Surrier Scarborough, James Z. B. Scarborough Sewell, Ira Wm. A. Sewell .. Shelton, Oscar W. A. Shelton Shelton, Thomas .. K. R. Shelton- Silver, Alphonso A. B. Silver Sizemore, Gerney E. G. Sizemore Smith, Paul John Smith Spivey, Willie Grey Spivey Summerlin, Walter Richard Summerlin Avon White Oak Alleghany Foust Micaville Martin Marshall Goldsboro Mt. Olive County. Duplin. Durham. Mecklenburg. Ashe. Ashe. Guilford. Brunswick. Gaston. Gaston . Gaston . Jackson. Jackson. Yadkin. Haywood. Mecklenburg. Dare. Bladen. Madison. Madison. Yancey. Yadkin. Madison. Wayne. Duplin. Thomason, Willie Tise, Andrew- Tittle, Frank Triplett, William Tucker, Harrison Hiram Thomason Lexington Davidson. W. W. Tise Orinoco Davidson. Win. Tittle Waynesville Haywood. L. Triplett Triplett Watauga. C. F. Tucker Hamptonville Yadkin. Yaughn, Jule Jule S. Vaughan Ridgeway Warren. Yestal, Charlie John Yestal Spray Rockingham. Vestal, Marvin John Yestal Spray Rockingham. Walker, George Mrs. Caroline Walker Globe Caldwell. Walker, Andrew H. W. Walker Cordonton Person. Walker, Tyre W. C. Walker Abshers Wilkes. Waldrop, Ethan Samuel Waldrop Asheville Buncombe. Waldrop, Fred Samuel Waldrop Asheville. Buncombe. Weaver, Eljah Hiram Weaver Lansing Ashe. West, Julian George West Kinston Lenoir. Wilson, Doually W. J. Wilson Reece . Watauga. Wilson, George. Mrs. Laura Wilson Hornet Mecklenburg. Wilson, Fred Ned Wilson Wilhoite Yancey. KOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 33 MALES—Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian . Post-office. County. Williams, Joe M. D. Williams Hackney Chatham. Williams, Ulmont J. T. Williams Cooper Sampson. Woodard, William Calvin Woodard Black Creek Wilson. Woodell, Thomas D. D. Woodell Hamlet Richmond. Woodell, Robert Mrs. N. C. Woodell Ruies Robeson. Wooding, Henry G. Wooding Oxford Granville. York, Samuel Rev. I. I. York High Point.. Guilford. York, Willie Millard R. York Spray Rockingham. Young, John Mrs. B. F. Young South Toe Yancey. FEMALES. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Baynard, Ada J. A. Baynard. Ellenbor Rutherford. Berrier, Daisy A. C. W. Barrier. Midway Davidson. Bigham, Lillie J. H. Bigham Charlotte Mecklenburg. Biggers, Ethel E. B. Biggers.. Matthews ...Mecklenburg. Bill, Dora John W. Wright Iron Hill Columbus. Blackwell, Anice E. S. Blackwell Spencer Rowan. Boggs, Edith. J. L. Boggs . Asheville Buncombe. Brady, Emma N. E. Brady Conover Watauga. Brady, Etta Andrew Brady Forest City Rutherford. Bright, Jamie.. C. M. Bright Maiden Catawba. Brown, Emma R. L. Brown Elmore Scotland. Buckner, Lizzie Henry Buckner Silk Hope Chatham. Burr, Mary Wm. Burr Morven Anson. Chandler, Emmie R. T. Chandler Virgilina, Ya. Granville. Coleman, Day D. J. Coleman Cerro Gordo Columbus. Coleman, Frosty D.J. Coleman Cerro Gordo Columbus. Coltrane, Pearl W. M. Coltrane Winston Forsythe. Cook, Daisy Mrs. Ella Cook Pilot Mt Surry. Cook, Ella Henry Cook Round Peak Surry. Copeland, Nannie Green Copeland Fremont Wayne. Cox, Bessie H. M. Cox Buffalo Ford Randolph. Crawford, Lucy E-. John Crawford Eure Gates. Davis, Rub}-. Mrs. Maud Davis Linwood Davidson. DeLoatch, Julia Wm. R. De Loatch Ronoake Rapids . Northampton . Dixon, Rena J. M. Dixon Gale Nash. Downey, Ola.. Mrs. Dora Wyatt Forest City Rutherford. Durham, Mary WT . J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. Durham, Josie W. J. Durham Roscoe Chatham. 34 NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL Name. Eason, Ada Kdmondson, Lucile Ennis, Maude Ezzell, Ruth FEMAI/ES—Continued. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. Jas. R. Eason W'axhaw F. M. Edmondson Concho. W. V. Ennis Lillington J. J. Ezzell Charlotte.. County. Union. Martin. Harnett. Mecklenburg. Fleming, Nina Fowler, Ida Fowler, Dollie Gautier, Mary Gardner, Daisy Garren , Joana Gladden, Donnie Gragg, Ida Grubb, Alfaretta Guy, Julia Nathaniel Fleming Manuel Fowler Manuel Fowler . Rocky Mount Edgecombe. Tabor Columbus. Tabor Columbus. Lewis Gautier New Bern .... Craven. G.W.Gardner East Durham Durham. A. Garren Fruitland Henderson. A. C. Gladden Fallston Cleveland. Mrs. M. Gragg Vilas Watauga. C. F. Grubb .. Salisbury Rowan. Mrs. Eliza Guv Peoria Watauga. Hamilton, Irene Hartsell, Munny Harwood, Glendora Haywood, Virgie Hardin, Alice Herring, Sarah Hendley, Pearl Henson, Minnie Henson, Lela. Hilton, Eva Holder, Gertie. Hollar, Bessie Howard, Ruth Huffman, Eva Huffman, Gracie P. Hyatt, Bell .... Icard, Lonnie Ingram, Maude. Jackson, Nannie Jarvis, Lydia.. .... Jones, Aggie Jones, Blanche Jones, Jennie Jones, Mattie Julian, Elizabeth J. A. Hamilton ... Mrs. Mary Hartsell Iv. T. Harwood J. G. Haywood .. J. N. Hardin Dr. H. C. Herring John Hendley J. J. Henson Mrs. G. Henson John W. Hilton Mrs. Nancy Holder Alonzo Hollar Mrs. J. A. Howard R. C. Huffman Mrs. Candace Huffman W. S. Hvatt J. P. Icard B. H. Ingram W. H. Jackson M. S. Hodges Mrs. Sallie Almond Mrs. Sallie Almond Mrs. Sallie Almond Daniel Jones Mrs. D. Eckard Chalybeate Sprgs Harnett. Georgeville . . Cabarrus. East Durham Durham. W'axhaw Union. Bonnv Rutherford. Concord Cabarrus. Cedar Hill Anson.. Sweetwater Watauga. Beston .Wayne. Thomasville Davidson. Morganton . Burke. Catawba Catawba. Manchester Cumberland. Richlands ( )nslo\v. Conover Catawba . Cherokee Swain. Saw Mill Cab 1 well. Pekin Montgomery. Kinston Lenoir. Dobson Surrv. Albemarle Stanly. Albemarle ...Stanly. Albemarle Stanly. Goldsboro Wayne. Charlotte Mecklenburg FUR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 35 FEMALES Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Kirby, Ruth E. T. Kirbv Canton Haywood. Kirkman, Mary.. Mrs. Alice Kirkman Greensboro Guilford. Knotts, Edna John N. Knotts... Lilesville.. Anson. Knotts, Nettie John N. Knotts Lilesville.. Anson. Lang, Nannie AY. M. Lang Farmville Green. Lewis, Mollie : E. F. Lewis Raleigh Wake. Lisenberrv, Susan ..... .AV. W. Lisenberrv . Norwood IStanly. McCall, Priscilla... ' R. A. McCall . Morganton Burke. McCall, Leona Miss Emma Overcash ..... Concord Cabarrus. McCullen, Fannie Mrs. Z. Morgan Mt. Olive Wayne. McCurrv, Lola... S. W. McCurry Bald Mt Yancey. McDaniel, Amanda J. A. McDaniel Grade Alexander. McKenzie, Lillie W. M. McKenzie Jackson- Springs Moore. Masters, Ethel JAY. E. Masters Asheville Buncombe. Manny, Ida Georgeville Cabarrus. Mebane, Ethel . ...R. J. Mebane.. Elon College Alamance. Milligan, Pearl.. ..Mrs. L. Milligan Fallstone Cleveland. Mitchell, Ruth ...... W. H. Mitchell.. '. . . ..Aulander ... Bertie. Morris, Maude Wiley Morris .... Salisbury Rowan. Morrison, Sallie Mrs. J. Matthews.. Webster Jackson. Moore, Blanche J. C. Moore Greensboro.. Guilford. Newton, Lizzie James W. Newton Maribel Pamlico. Newton, Leatha James W. Newton Maribel Pamlico. Ostwalt, Mamie.. ... F. K. Ostwalt Ostwalt ..; Iredell. Overby, Matilda J. F. Overby "Spring Hope " Nash. Parker, Mittie E. Hardy Warsaw i •..:...Duplin. Parker, Malina E. Hardy Warsaw » Duplin. Parnell, Carolina .. '. W. F. Parnell Lumberton .. Robeson. Parnell, Nona . W. F. Parnell '. Lumberton Robeson. Partin, Bettie George Partin East Durham Durham. Passons, Grace J. R. Passons The Narrows .:... Yancey. Patterson, Jessie Capt. E. M. Patterson Spencer Rowan. Patterson, Sarah Murdock Patterson Hope Mills Cumberland. Patterson, Lena Murdock Patterson Hope Mills Cumberland. Pate, Eva L. H. Pate Kinston .Lenoir. Pendergrass, Clara Mrs. Lizzie Knight Henderson ....... Vance. Pike, Emma... Wm. Pike ' Greensboro. Guilford. Pike, Hazel Wm. Pike Greensboro Guilford. Poplin, Amanda Mrs. C. Poplin Locust Stanly. Powell, Cora S. H. Powell Lenoir .. . Caldwell. Prevatt, Orpah Rev. F. A. Prevatt Lumberton Robeson. 36 N. C. SCHOOL FOR DEAF AND IH'MB. FEMALES—Continued. Name. Parent or Guardian. Post-office. County. Ray, Rosetta A. A. Ray Tensacola Yancey. Ravnor, Ruth Isaac Jones .. .Maple Hill Duplin. Reece, Ion it- Joseph Reece .. Cecil .. Haywood. Rhodes, Cora.. J. H. Rhodes Linney .. Ashe. Roberts, Rula C. B. Roberts. China Grove Cabarrus. Sanders, Dora David Sanders Capelsie Concord Montgomery. Scarboro, Mary Cabarrus. . W. H. Scarboro Scarborough, Lonnie Z. B. Scarborough Avon Dare. Shearin, Ann.. Mrs. Sallie Shearin Vaughan Warren. Simmons, Stella ... W. B. Simmons Salemburg Sampson. Smith, Ella- R. M. Smith Francisco.. Stokes. Smith, Merle J. G. Smith Charlotte Mecklenburg, Spivey, Rosa . L. M. Spive\ Lemon Springs Moore. Spivev, Bessie Grey Spivey Goldsboro Wayne. Starnes, Bessie D. A. Starnes Bethel Alexander. Stephens, Lula W. J. Stephens .. Ridgeville Warren. Stockton, Myrtle ... W. C. Stockton Leeds . Macon. Stout, Velna J. L. Stout Hale Mitchell. Strickland, Daisy John Strickland Dunn Harnett. Suttle, Arenia S. R. Suttle Hnola Burke. Swain, Lueile J. W. Swain Jerry Tyrrell. Thomas, Clara Oliver Thomas Lake Toxaway Transylvania. Thomas, Hattie Mrs. N. Y. Thomas Thomasville Davidson. Tillman, Autney W. Cole Haw River Durham. Troutman, Eva T. Troutman Statesville Iredell. Vick, Lucile Chas. A. -Vick Kinstou Lenoir. Watts, Lizzie John L. Watts Mathews Mecklenburg Waters, Rosa.. E. L. Waters Magnolia Duplin. West, Mamie L. C. West Westsville Harnett. West, Emma Sam West Fayetteville Cumberland. White, Bessie R. C. White Charlotte Mecklenburg White, Sarah J. D. White Elizabeth City Camden. Williams, Mary M. D. Williams.. Hackney .. Chatham. Winslow, Kssie J. V. Winslow Gliden Chowan . Wood, Sallie Mrs. Lucy M. Wood Stallings .. Franklin. Woodell, Nora Mrs. X. Woodell Buies. Robeson. York , Laura Mrs. W. H. York . Old Fort McDowell. Zachary, ( >phelia Joseph Zachary Calvert Transylvania. STATE LIBRARY OF NORTH CAROLINA 3 3091 00747 2012
|Title||Eighth biennial report of the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb|
|Publisher||Raleigh, N.C.: M.I. & J.C. Stewart, Public Printers and Binders,1896-1914.|
|Digital Characteristics-A||54 p.; 3.1 MB|
|Pres File Name-M||pubs_pubh_serial_ncschoolfordeafbiennial1906.pdf|
|Pres Local File Path-M||\Preservation_content\StatePubs\pubs_pubh\images_master|
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